Background and aims: GPR40 is a membrane-bound receptor paired with medium and long-chain fatty acids (FFA) as endogenous ligands. Its acute activation potentiates insulin secretion from beta cells, whereas prolonged binding might contribute to the deleterious effects of chronic exposure to FFA. Little information is available on the expression of GPR40 and its regulation in human islets (HI). Material and methods: HI were prepared by enzymatic digestion and gradient separation from the pancreas of 20 non-diabetic (Ctrl) and 13 type 2 diabetic (T2DM) multiorgan donors, and functional and molecular studies were then performed. Results: By qualitative and quantitative PCR experiments, mRNA expression was shown in HI. Both in T2DM islets and in Ctrl islets pre-exposed for 24 h to 1.0 mmol/l FFA (palmitate: oleate, 2: 1), GPR40 mRNA expression was significantly reduced (p < 0.01) in the T2DM cells as compared to Ctrl cells. A significant positive correlation was found between glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and GPR40 expression. Conclusions: These results show the expression of GPR40 in human pancreatic islets which are regulated by FFA. The finding that T2DM islets have a lower GPR40 expression, and the correlation of these genes with insulin secretion, raises the possibility of an involvement of GPR40 in human diabetes beta-cell dysfunction. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

G-protein-coupled receptor 40 (GPR40) expression and its regulation in human pancreatic islets: The role of type 2 diabetes and fatty acids

DEL GUERRA, SILVIA;BUGLIANI, MARCO;DEL PRATO, STEFANO;BOGGI, UGO;MOSCA, FRANCO;FILIPPONI, FRANCO;
2010

Abstract

Background and aims: GPR40 is a membrane-bound receptor paired with medium and long-chain fatty acids (FFA) as endogenous ligands. Its acute activation potentiates insulin secretion from beta cells, whereas prolonged binding might contribute to the deleterious effects of chronic exposure to FFA. Little information is available on the expression of GPR40 and its regulation in human islets (HI). Material and methods: HI were prepared by enzymatic digestion and gradient separation from the pancreas of 20 non-diabetic (Ctrl) and 13 type 2 diabetic (T2DM) multiorgan donors, and functional and molecular studies were then performed. Results: By qualitative and quantitative PCR experiments, mRNA expression was shown in HI. Both in T2DM islets and in Ctrl islets pre-exposed for 24 h to 1.0 mmol/l FFA (palmitate: oleate, 2: 1), GPR40 mRNA expression was significantly reduced (p < 0.01) in the T2DM cells as compared to Ctrl cells. A significant positive correlation was found between glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and GPR40 expression. Conclusions: These results show the expression of GPR40 in human pancreatic islets which are regulated by FFA. The finding that T2DM islets have a lower GPR40 expression, and the correlation of these genes with insulin secretion, raises the possibility of an involvement of GPR40 in human diabetes beta-cell dysfunction. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DEL GUERRA, Silvia; Bugliani, Marco; D'Aleo, V; DEL PRATO, Stefano; Boggi, Ugo; Mosca, Franco; Filipponi, Franco; Lupi, R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/190524
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