This study was planned to clarify the mechanism(s) by which hemodialysis increases the QTc dispersion, a marker of risk of ventricular arrhythmias. To th is aim, 10 uremic patients, without any relevant heart diseases, underwent two different types of hemodialysis schedules. In the first, 1 h of isolated high rate ultrafiltration preceded the standard diffusive procedure. In the second, during the first hour of standard bicarbonate hemodialysis, the decrease of plasma potassium concentration was prevented by increasing K+ concentration in the dialysate, according to its pre dialysis plasma levels. During the high rate ultrafiltration period, together with ECG signs of increased sympathetic nervous system activity and catecholamines secretion, the QTc dispersion did not change significantly. Instead, an evident increment was observed 1 h after the start of the diffusive hemodialysis, then slowly progressing until the end of the dialysis and finally returning to the pre dialysis values within 2 h after the end of the session. To the contrary, the increase of the QTc dispersion was totally blunted du ring a standard hemodialysis procedure in absence of plasma K+ decrease, but appeared again when the K+ dialysate fluid concentration was restored to 2 mmol/l. This study provides evidence that the increase of QTc dispersion occurring on hemodialysis is mainly related to the diffusive process, more precisely to the K+ removal. This is one more reason to focus attention on K+ removal rate especially when hemodialysis treatment is given in uremics affected by cardiac diseases with high risk of arrhythmias.
|Autori:||Cupisti A; Galetta F; Caprioli R; Morelli E; Tintori GC; Franzoni F; Lippi A; Meola M; Rindi P; Barsotti G|
|Titolo:||Potassium removal increases the QTc interval dispersion during hemodialysis|
|Anno del prodotto:||1999|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1159/000045387|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|