The subject of space charge due to positive ions slowly moving in parallel plate ionization chambers is considered. A model for the degradation of the detector response is developed, with particular emphasis on electromagnetic calorimeters. The topics discussed include: (a) the stationary; (b) the time dependent cases; (c) the limit of very large space charge, (d) the electric field dependence of the electron drift velocity; (e) the effect of longitudinal development of showers; (f) the behaviour of the average reductions of response; and (g) the non-uniformity of response for different positions of the shower axis inside the cell defined by the electrodes. The NA48 calorimeter is used as application and for comparison of results. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Space charge in ionization detectors and the NA48 electromagnetic calorimeter

COSTANTINI, FLAVIO;GIUDICI, SERGIO;SOZZI, MARCO STANISLAO;
1999

Abstract

The subject of space charge due to positive ions slowly moving in parallel plate ionization chambers is considered. A model for the degradation of the detector response is developed, with particular emphasis on electromagnetic calorimeters. The topics discussed include: (a) the stationary; (b) the time dependent cases; (c) the limit of very large space charge, (d) the electric field dependence of the electron drift velocity; (e) the effect of longitudinal development of showers; (f) the behaviour of the average reductions of response; and (g) the non-uniformity of response for different positions of the shower axis inside the cell defined by the electrodes. The NA48 calorimeter is used as application and for comparison of results. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Palestini, S; Barr, Gd; Biino, C; Calafiura, P; Ceccucci, A; Cerri, C; Chollet, Jc; Cirilli, M; Cogan, J; Costantini, Flavio; Crepe, S; Cundy, D; Fantechi, R; Fayard, L; Fischer, G; Formica, A; Frabetti, Pl; Funk, W; Gianoli, A; Giudici, Sergio; Gonidec, A; Gorini, B; Govi, G; Iconomidou Fayard, L; Kekelidze, V; Kubischta, W; Luitz, S; Mannelli, I; Martini, M; Mikulec, I; Norton, A; Ocariz, J; Schinzel, D; Sozzi, MARCO STANISLAO; Tatishvili, G; Tkatchev, A; Unal, G; Velasco, M; Vossnack, O; Wahl, H.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/190607
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 27
social impact