Epidemiologic data support the hypothesis of a direct and independent relationship between hyperglycemia and cardiovascular disease. The lack of a clear-cut threshold value in diabetic patients, and the persistence of the relationship in nondiabetic population as well, suggest that glycemia is a continuous variable, similarly to other cardiovascular risk factors. Moreover, increased plasma glucose levels contribute to cardiovascular risk by activating multiple atherogenic mechanisms. In spite of evident plausibility for hyperglycemia as a cardiovascular risk factor per se, intervention data remain controversial. Results of recent large-scale intervention trials, such as ACCORD, ADVANCE, and VADT, seem to undermine the concept that tight glycemic control confers some protection against cardiovascular disease in patients with type 2 diabetes, while maintenance of near-normal glycemic control from earlier stage of the disease and during acute coronary events seems to be more beneficial. However, individualized therapies remain the cornerstone of strategies aimed to reduce cardiovascular risk associated to hyperglycemia

Blood glucose control and coronary heart disease

PENNO G;MICCOLI, ROBERTO;DEL PRATO, STEFANO
2010

Abstract

Epidemiologic data support the hypothesis of a direct and independent relationship between hyperglycemia and cardiovascular disease. The lack of a clear-cut threshold value in diabetic patients, and the persistence of the relationship in nondiabetic population as well, suggest that glycemia is a continuous variable, similarly to other cardiovascular risk factors. Moreover, increased plasma glucose levels contribute to cardiovascular risk by activating multiple atherogenic mechanisms. In spite of evident plausibility for hyperglycemia as a cardiovascular risk factor per se, intervention data remain controversial. Results of recent large-scale intervention trials, such as ACCORD, ADVANCE, and VADT, seem to undermine the concept that tight glycemic control confers some protection against cardiovascular disease in patients with type 2 diabetes, while maintenance of near-normal glycemic control from earlier stage of the disease and during acute coronary events seems to be more beneficial. However, individualized therapies remain the cornerstone of strategies aimed to reduce cardiovascular risk associated to hyperglycemia
Bianchi, C; Penno, G; Miccoli, Roberto; DEL PRATO, Stefano
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/191182
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