PURPOSE: To describe the metabolism of 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) in erythrocytes and tissues of rats after repeated administration of 6-MP at two dose levels and to provide evidence that in vivo modulation of 6-MP anabolism can be obtained by simultaneous treatment with ribavirin or hydroxyurea, two inhibitors of enzymes involved in the bioactivation of 6-MP to the active 6-thioguanine nucleotides (6-TGN). METHODS: Rats were treated i.p. with 6-MP at 12.5 and 25 mg/kg daily for 12 days and erythrocyte, liver, and kidney levels of 6-mercaptopurine nucleotides (6-MPN) and 6-TGN were investigated during the accumulation phase and for 50 days after the end of treatment. In combination studies, ribavirin at 75 and 100 mg/kg per day (for 6-MP, 25 and 12.5 mg/kg per day) or hydroxyurea at 200 mg/kg per day were given i.p. for 12 days. The measurements of thionucleotide levels in rat samples were performed by high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC). RESULTS: The maximal concentration (Cmax) and the area under the concentration versus time curve (AUC) of 6-MPN and 6-TGN in erythrocytes and tissues increased significantly after the administration of 6-MP at 25 mg/kg per day as compared with 12.5 mg/kg per day. In particular, the Cmax and AUC of 6-TGN in erythrocytes of rats treated with 6-MP at 25 mg/kg per day were approximately 5-fold higher than the 6-TGN values observed following treatment at 12.5 mg/kg per day. Moreover, 6-TGN levels in erythrocytes were significantly higher than those of 6-MPN (910.9+/-53.1 and 286.8+/-23.4 pmol/8 x 10(8) cells for 6-TGN and 6-MPN, respectively, P < 0.05) after treatment with 6-MP at 25 mg/kg per day. The administration of ribavirin, an inhibitor of inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase, in association with 6-MP increased the amount of 6-MPN detected in erythrocytes and tissues while reducing 6-TGN levels in samples. The production and accumulation of 6-MPN and 6-TGN were increased in erythrocytes and tissues by hydroxyurea, an inhibitor of ribonucleotide reductase. Finally, a significant correlation between thionucleotide concentrations and erythrocyte counts was observed. CONCLUSION: The overall results demonstrate that 6-MP is actively metabolized in rats and that its biotransformation can be modulated by agents acting on enzymes of the purine metabolism, resulting in significant changes in erythrocyte and tissue levels of 6-MPN and 6-TGN. These findings provide evidence that the rat is a suitable model for investigation of the metabolism of 6-MP and its possible pharmacologic modulation.
|Autori:||INNOCENTI F; DANESI R; BOCCI G; FOGLI S; DI PAOLO A; DEL TACCA M|
|Titolo:||Metabolism of 6-mercaptopurine in the erythrocytes, liver, and kidney of rats during multiple-dose regimens|
|Anno del prodotto:||1999|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s002800050873|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|