This paper is devoted to turbo synchronization, that is to say the use of soft information to estimate parameters like carrier phase, frequency offset or timing within a turbo receiver. It is shown how maximum-likelihood estimation of those synchronization parameters can be implemented by means of the iterative expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm [A.P. Dempster, et al., 1977]. Then we show that the EM algorithm iterations can be combined with those of a turbo receiver. This leads to a general theoretical framework for turbo synchronization. The soft decision-directed ad-hoc algorithm proposed in V. Lottici and M. Luise,  for carrier phase recovery turns out to be a particular instance of this implementation. The proposed mathematical framework is illustrated by simulations reported for the particular case of carrier phase estimation combined with iterative demodulation and decoding [S. ten Brink, et al., 1998].
|Titolo:||Turbo synchronization: an EM algorithm interpretation|
LOTTICI, VINCENZO (Co-primo) [Writing – Review & Editing]
LUISE, MARCO (Co-primo) [Writing – Review & Editing]
|Anno del prodotto:||2003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||4.1 Contributo in Atti di convegno|