Adélie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) modern and fossil eggshells and guano samples collected from ornithogenic soils in Terra Nova Bay (Victoria Land, Ross Sea) were processed for carbon and nitrogen isotopic ratios with the aim of detecting past penguin dietary changes. A detailed and greatly expanded Adélie penguin dietary record dated back to 7,200 years BP has been reconstructed for the investigated area. Our data indicate a signiWcant dietary shift between Wsh and krill, with a gradual decrease from past to present time in the proportion of Wsh compared to krill in Adélie penguin diet. From 7,200 to 2,000 years BP, delta13C and delta15N values indicate Wsh as the most eaten prey. The dietary contribution of lower-trophic prey in penguin diet started becoming evident not earlier than 2,000 years BP, when the 13C values reveal a change in the penguin feeding behavior. Modern eggshell and guano samples reveal a major dietary contribution of krill but not a krill-dominated diet, since 13C values remain much too high if krill prevail in the diet. According to the Holocene environmental background attested for Victoria Land, Adélie penguin dietary shifts between Wsh and krill seem to reflect penguin paleoecological responses to diVerent paleoenvironmental settings with diVerent conditions of sea-ice extension and persistence. Furthermore, Adélie penguin diet appears to be particularly aVected by environmental changes in a very specific period within the breeding season, namely the egg-laying period when penguin dietary and feeding habit shifts are clearly documented by the delta 13C of eggshell carbonate.
|Autori:||Lorenzini S; Baroni C; Fallick A.E; Baneschi I; Salvatore M.C; Zanchetta G; Dallai L|
|Titolo:||Stable isotopes reveal Holocene changes in the diet of Adélie penguins in Northern Victoria Land (Ross Sea, Antarctica)|
|Anno del prodotto:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s00442-010-1790-2|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|