We have reported that bcl-2 is expressed in normal human thyroid epithelium and that its expression is down-regulated in undifferentiated thyroid tumors, Production of IL-6 was concomitantly down-regulated in these forms. Based on these observations, we analyzed whether insertion of bcl-2 would reverse the highly malignant phenotype of a thyroid cell line (ARO) derived from an undifferentiated carcinoma. This cell line fails to produce Bcl-2 and IL-6, By infection with a bcl-2 retroviral vector, ARO cells expressing bcl-2 (ARObcl-2) were obtained, Compared with parental cells, expression of bcl-2 was associated with enhancement of growth potential (DNA synthesis, in vitro proliferation rate, anchorage-independent growth in semi-solid media). Chemotaxis and invasive potential in Boyden chambers were also increased, bcl-2-expressing cells showed a reduced response to apoptotic stimuli (low-serum conditions or anti-neoplastic drugs), Large branched colonies were formed in Matrigel from ARObcl-2 cells but not from parental cells. Finally, ARObcl-2 cells showed a decreased latency of tumor appearance when injected into immunodeficient mice. Potentiation of the malignant phenotype of ARO cells by bcl-2 was not ascribed to altered expression of (i) cytokine/growth factors (IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12, TGF-alpha, TGF-beta), (ii) thyroid specific transcripts (TG, TPO, TSH-R, PIGF, PAX-8) or (iii) genes influencing tumor aggressiveness [VEGF, HMGI (Y), HMGI-C], Our data indicate that bcl-2 potentiates the malignant phenotype of ARO cells not only by limiting the response to apoptotic stimuli but also by enhancing proliferation and tumor aggressiveness. (C) 1999 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
|Autori:||Basolo F; Fiore L; Fusco A; Giannini R; Albini A; Merlo GR; Fontanini G; Conaldi PG; Toniolo A|
|Titolo:||Potentiation of the malignant phenotype of the undifferentiated aro thyroid cell line by insertion of the bcl-2 gene|
|Anno del prodotto:||1999|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/(SICI)1097-0215(19990611)81:6<956::AID-IJC19>3.0.CO;2-N|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|