The effects induced by an acute ozone exposure were investigated in two poplar hybrids differentially O3 susceptible in terms of leaf injuries: Populus deltoides x maximowiczii, Eridano clone and Populus x euramericana, I-214 clone, the sensitive and the tolerant respectively. Both the leaf anatomy and the responses induced by ozone in the leaves were analysed, using a cyto-histochemical approach. Morphoanatomical characters, such as amphistomatous lamina, higher stomatal density and relaxed mesophyll cell packing (evaluated by the palisadeness coeffi cient), observed in the sensitive clone leaves, may favour a greater O3 uptake in the apoplast and increase the cumulative dose of pollutant per mesophyll cell, with respect to tolerant clone leaves. Mesophyll cells of sensitive plants were the main targets for O3. After an acute ozone treatment, the palisade parenchyma cells showed a decrease in chloroplast number and size, resulting best suited both to perceive the stress by O3 or reactive oxygen species (ROS) and to activate several signal transduction pathways, in relation to their morphological, physiological and functional properties predisposing an efficient cell communication, signalling and stimuli sensing. The quick and well localized pattern of cell death induced by O3 in sensitive poplar leaves was accompanied by some hallmarks of programmed cell death (PCD): nuclear shrinkage, chromatin condensation and cell wall collapse.

Ozone damage and tolerance in leaves of two poplar genotypes

BERNARDI, RODOLFO;
2010

Abstract

The effects induced by an acute ozone exposure were investigated in two poplar hybrids differentially O3 susceptible in terms of leaf injuries: Populus deltoides x maximowiczii, Eridano clone and Populus x euramericana, I-214 clone, the sensitive and the tolerant respectively. Both the leaf anatomy and the responses induced by ozone in the leaves were analysed, using a cyto-histochemical approach. Morphoanatomical characters, such as amphistomatous lamina, higher stomatal density and relaxed mesophyll cell packing (evaluated by the palisadeness coeffi cient), observed in the sensitive clone leaves, may favour a greater O3 uptake in the apoplast and increase the cumulative dose of pollutant per mesophyll cell, with respect to tolerant clone leaves. Mesophyll cells of sensitive plants were the main targets for O3. After an acute ozone treatment, the palisade parenchyma cells showed a decrease in chloroplast number and size, resulting best suited both to perceive the stress by O3 or reactive oxygen species (ROS) and to activate several signal transduction pathways, in relation to their morphological, physiological and functional properties predisposing an efficient cell communication, signalling and stimuli sensing. The quick and well localized pattern of cell death induced by O3 in sensitive poplar leaves was accompanied by some hallmarks of programmed cell death (PCD): nuclear shrinkage, chromatin condensation and cell wall collapse.
Bartoli, G; FORINO L. M., C; TAGLIASACCHI A., M; Bernardi, Rodolfo; Durante, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/192517
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