Although many in vitro and animal studies indicate the existence of a local renin-angiotensin system, data regarding its physiological role are quite controversial, and moreover, evidence suggesting inactive and active renin release from vascular tissue in vivo is lacking both in animal and humans. The aim of our study was to evaluate whether β-adrenoceptor stimulation, a well-known stimulus to renin production, through isoproterenol might cause local renin production from vessels of the forearm of hypertensive patients. Drugs were infused into the brachial artery at systemically ineffective rates, while forearm blood flow (FBF, venous plethysmography), mean intra-arterial pressure, and heart rate were monitored throughout. Active and inactive vessel renin production was measured by calculating venous-arterial (V-A) differences by simultaneous sampling from brachial artery and an ipsilateral deep vein. Active renin (PRA) and total renin (Sepharose bound trypsin activation) were measured by radioimmunoassay while inactive renin was calculated as the difference between total and active renin. V-A differences were corrected for FBF to calculate renin extraction or production. In a group of 10 patients, isoproterenol, which was infused at increasing cumulative rates (0.03, 0.1, 0.3 μg · 100 mL-1 forearm tissue · min-1 for 5 min each), caused a dose-dependent increment in FBF that was blunted by intra-arterial propranolol (n = 5) pretreatment (10 μg · 100 mL-1 forearm tissue · min-1 for 10 min). β-Adrenoceptor stimulation caused a dose-dependent outflow of both active and inactive renin, an effect antagonized by propranolol. In conclusion, our data represent the first evidence in humans of tissue active and inactive renin production in the forearm vascular bed.

Active and inactive renin in human forearm of hypertensive patients.

TADDEI, STEFANO;SALVETTI, ANTONIO
1991

Abstract

Although many in vitro and animal studies indicate the existence of a local renin-angiotensin system, data regarding its physiological role are quite controversial, and moreover, evidence suggesting inactive and active renin release from vascular tissue in vivo is lacking both in animal and humans. The aim of our study was to evaluate whether β-adrenoceptor stimulation, a well-known stimulus to renin production, through isoproterenol might cause local renin production from vessels of the forearm of hypertensive patients. Drugs were infused into the brachial artery at systemically ineffective rates, while forearm blood flow (FBF, venous plethysmography), mean intra-arterial pressure, and heart rate were monitored throughout. Active and inactive vessel renin production was measured by calculating venous-arterial (V-A) differences by simultaneous sampling from brachial artery and an ipsilateral deep vein. Active renin (PRA) and total renin (Sepharose bound trypsin activation) were measured by radioimmunoassay while inactive renin was calculated as the difference between total and active renin. V-A differences were corrected for FBF to calculate renin extraction or production. In a group of 10 patients, isoproterenol, which was infused at increasing cumulative rates (0.03, 0.1, 0.3 μg · 100 mL-1 forearm tissue · min-1 for 5 min each), caused a dose-dependent increment in FBF that was blunted by intra-arterial propranolol (n = 5) pretreatment (10 μg · 100 mL-1 forearm tissue · min-1 for 10 min). β-Adrenoceptor stimulation caused a dose-dependent outflow of both active and inactive renin, an effect antagonized by propranolol. In conclusion, our data represent the first evidence in humans of tissue active and inactive renin production in the forearm vascular bed.
Taddei, Stefano; Favilla, S; Salvetti, Antonio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/19304
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