We have run trajectory surface hopping simulations of the trans-cis photoisomerization of azobenzene, subject to a pulling force. The model mimics two situations: a trans-azobenzene derivative with bulky substituents that may not be easily displaced, and a recent experiment by Gaub’s group [T. Hugel, N.B. Holland, A. Cattani, L. Moroder, M. Seitz, H.E. Gaub, Science 296 (2002) 1103; N.B. Holland, T. Hugel, G. Neuert, A. Cattani-Scholz, C. Renner, D. Oesterhelt, L. Moroder, M. Seitz, H.E. Gaub, Macromolecules 36 (2003) 2015; G. Neuert, T. Hugel, R.R. Netz, H.E. Gaub, Macromolecules 39 (2005) 789], in which a polymer with azobenzene units was stretched in an atomic force microscope. In both cases, the shortening of the azobenzene moiety in going from the trans to the cis form is opposed by a pulling force. Our simulations show that the trans-cis photoconversion is only partially suppressed by con- siderably large forces (500 pN or more). However, the cis isomer reverts to trans in the ground state, with the help of the pulling force and using the vibrational energy that is available in the first 1–2 ps. The lowering of the quantum yields is therefore the combined result of hindering of the excited state process and of the hot ground state back reaction.
|Autori:||L. CREATINI; T. CUSATI; GRANUCCI G; M. PERSICO|
|Titolo:||Photodynamics of azobenzene in a hindering environment|
|Anno del prodotto:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.chemphys.2007.09.048|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|