PURPOSE: This study was performed to evaluate the accuracy of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in detecting parathyroid lesions in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 60 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. Preoperative first-line examinations revealed negative and doubtful ultrasound (US) findings in 34 and 26 cases, respectively, and negative, doubtful and positive scintigraphic findings in 19, 20 and 21 cases, respectively. CT findings were compared with the surgical results. RESULTS: CT examination was positive in 35 cases, negative in 15 cases and doubtful in ten cases. Forty out of 60 patients underwent surgery, and 39 lesions (37 adenomas, two primary hyperplasias) were identified. Surgery was negative in two cases. In eight cases, lesions had ectopic location. Surgery confirmed the CT findings in 23 positive cases. In 8/10 doubtful cases, surgery confirmed the location of the lesion in five cases, identified the ectopic location of lesions in two cases, and was negative in one case. In 9/15 cases with negative CT findings, surgery identified the lesion in eight cases. Sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic accuracy values were 78%, 25% and 73%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: MDCT is an accurate second-line diagnostic technique in the detection of parathyroid lesions, allowing exploration of the entire cervical and mediastinal regions.
|Autori:||Mazzeo S; Cappelli C; Caramella D; Belcari A; Forasassi F; Battaglia V; Giannini A; Pasquariello R; Pallocci S; Caproni G; Marcocci C; Pinchera A; Miccoli P; Bartolozzi C.|
|Titolo:||Multidetector CT in diagnostic work-up of patients with primary hyperparathyroidism|
|Anno del prodotto:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s11547-007-0179-8|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|