PURPOSE: To evaluate 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and 5-fluoro-5,6-dihydrouracil (5-FDHU) pharmacokinetics and disease-free survival (DFS) in colorectal cancer patients given 5-FU-based adjuvant chemotherapy within a nonrandomized, retrospective, pharmacokinetic study. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: One hundred fifteen patients including 72 men (median age, 63 years; range, 36-79 years) and 43 women (median age, 60 years; range, 36-73 years) received 6 cycles of l-leucovorin 100 mg/m(2)/day and 5-FU 370 mg/m(2)/day i.v. boluses (5 days every 4 weeks). Individual plasma concentrations of 5-FU and 5-FDHU were determined on day 1 of the first cycle with a validated high performance liquid chromatography method, and the main pharmacokinetic variables were determined. Follow-up of all patients was extended up to 5 years after the end of adjuvant chemotherapy, and DFS was recorded. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to evaluate any correlation among 5-FU pharmacokinetics, clinical and pathologic variables, and DFS. RESULTS: The area under the time/concentration curve (AUC) of 5-FU was significantly lower in 58 subjects who recurred (7.5 +/- 2.9 h x mg/L) with respect to other patients (9.3 +/- 4.1 h x mg/L). Furthermore, AUC values lower than 8.4 h x mg/L together with lymph node involvement and the interruption of treatment or reduction of doses were identified as risk factors at univariate analysis. The completion of 6 cycles of adjuvant treatment without dosage modifications was the only independent risk factor at multivariate analysis, despite a trend toward significance for 5-FU AUC values (cutoff value, 8.4 hxmg/L) was observed (P = 0.06). CONCLUSIONS: Pharmacokinetics of 5-FU should be regarded as an important factor for predicting disease recurrence in colorectal cancers.

5-Fluorouracil pharmacokinetics predicts disease-free survival in patients administered adjuvant chemotherapy for colorectal cancer

DI PAOLO, ANTONELLO;BOCCI, GUIDO;FALCONE, ALFREDO;DANESI, ROMANO
2008

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and 5-fluoro-5,6-dihydrouracil (5-FDHU) pharmacokinetics and disease-free survival (DFS) in colorectal cancer patients given 5-FU-based adjuvant chemotherapy within a nonrandomized, retrospective, pharmacokinetic study. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: One hundred fifteen patients including 72 men (median age, 63 years; range, 36-79 years) and 43 women (median age, 60 years; range, 36-73 years) received 6 cycles of l-leucovorin 100 mg/m(2)/day and 5-FU 370 mg/m(2)/day i.v. boluses (5 days every 4 weeks). Individual plasma concentrations of 5-FU and 5-FDHU were determined on day 1 of the first cycle with a validated high performance liquid chromatography method, and the main pharmacokinetic variables were determined. Follow-up of all patients was extended up to 5 years after the end of adjuvant chemotherapy, and DFS was recorded. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to evaluate any correlation among 5-FU pharmacokinetics, clinical and pathologic variables, and DFS. RESULTS: The area under the time/concentration curve (AUC) of 5-FU was significantly lower in 58 subjects who recurred (7.5 +/- 2.9 h x mg/L) with respect to other patients (9.3 +/- 4.1 h x mg/L). Furthermore, AUC values lower than 8.4 h x mg/L together with lymph node involvement and the interruption of treatment or reduction of doses were identified as risk factors at univariate analysis. The completion of 6 cycles of adjuvant treatment without dosage modifications was the only independent risk factor at multivariate analysis, despite a trend toward significance for 5-FU AUC values (cutoff value, 8.4 hxmg/L) was observed (P = 0.06). CONCLUSIONS: Pharmacokinetics of 5-FU should be regarded as an important factor for predicting disease recurrence in colorectal cancers.
DI PAOLO, Antonello; Lencioni, M; Amatori, F; DI DONATO, S; Bocci, Guido; Orlandini, C; Lastella, M; Federici, F; Iannopollo, M; Falcone, Alfredo; Ricci, S; DEL TACCA, M; Danesi, Romano
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/195126
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