We evaluated the possible role of NO in modulating tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) release in the forearm microcirculation of normotensive subjects and hypertensive patients. Essential hypertensive patients are characterized by endothelial dysfunction because of a reduced NO availability and also show an impaired t-PA release. In healthy volunteers and essential hypertensive patients, we studied local t-PA release and forearm blood flow changes (strain-gauge plethysmography) induced by intrabrachial administration of acetylcholine (0.45 and 1.5 microg/100 mL/min) and of sodium nitroprusside (0.5 and 1.0 microg/100 mL/min), an endothelium-dependent and -independent agonist, respectively. Acetylcholine was also repeated in the presence of intra-arterial infusion of the NO synthase inhibitor N(G)-monomethyl-l-arginine (100 microg/100 mL/min). In normotensive subjects, vasodilation to acetylcholine was blunted by N(G)-monomethyl-l-arginine. In these subjects, acetylcholine infusion induced a significant, dose-dependent increase in net forearm t-PA release. N(G)-monomethyl-l-arginine significantly reduced basal t-PA release, as well as acetylcholine-induced t-PA release. In essential hypertensive patients, vasodilation to acetylcholine was reduced as compared with controls and resistant to N(G)-monomethyl-l-arginine. In contrast to what was observed in healthy control subjects, in hypertensive patients, acetylcholine had no effect on t-PA release. Similarly, N(G)-monomethyl-l-arginine failed to modify either the tonic or the agonist-induced t-PA release. Both tonic and agonist-induced release of NO are directly involved in t-PA release by endothelial cells. Essential hypertension, characterized by a reduction in tonic and stimulated NO availability, is also associated with impaired capacity of t-PA release, suggesting a major role of impaired NO availability in worsening both vasodilation and t-PA release.

Nitric oxide modulates tissue plasminogen activator release in normotensive subjects and hypertensive patients.

VIRDIS, AGOSTINO;GHIADONI, LORENZO;MAGAGNA, ARMANDO;TADDEI, STEFANO;SALVETTI, ANTONIO;
2007-01-01

Abstract

We evaluated the possible role of NO in modulating tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) release in the forearm microcirculation of normotensive subjects and hypertensive patients. Essential hypertensive patients are characterized by endothelial dysfunction because of a reduced NO availability and also show an impaired t-PA release. In healthy volunteers and essential hypertensive patients, we studied local t-PA release and forearm blood flow changes (strain-gauge plethysmography) induced by intrabrachial administration of acetylcholine (0.45 and 1.5 microg/100 mL/min) and of sodium nitroprusside (0.5 and 1.0 microg/100 mL/min), an endothelium-dependent and -independent agonist, respectively. Acetylcholine was also repeated in the presence of intra-arterial infusion of the NO synthase inhibitor N(G)-monomethyl-l-arginine (100 microg/100 mL/min). In normotensive subjects, vasodilation to acetylcholine was blunted by N(G)-monomethyl-l-arginine. In these subjects, acetylcholine infusion induced a significant, dose-dependent increase in net forearm t-PA release. N(G)-monomethyl-l-arginine significantly reduced basal t-PA release, as well as acetylcholine-induced t-PA release. In essential hypertensive patients, vasodilation to acetylcholine was reduced as compared with controls and resistant to N(G)-monomethyl-l-arginine. In contrast to what was observed in healthy control subjects, in hypertensive patients, acetylcholine had no effect on t-PA release. Similarly, N(G)-monomethyl-l-arginine failed to modify either the tonic or the agonist-induced t-PA release. Both tonic and agonist-induced release of NO are directly involved in t-PA release by endothelial cells. Essential hypertension, characterized by a reduction in tonic and stimulated NO availability, is also associated with impaired capacity of t-PA release, suggesting a major role of impaired NO availability in worsening both vasodilation and t-PA release.
2007
Giannarelli, C; De Negri, F; Virdis, Agostino; Ghiadoni, Lorenzo; Cipriano, A; Magagna, Armando; Taddei, Stefano; Salvetti, Antonio; Nitric oxide modulates tissue plasminogen activator release in normotensive, Subjects; 2007 Apr, hypertensive p. a. t. i. e. n. t. s. H. y. p. e. r. t. e. n. s. i. o. n.; PubMed PMID: 17339540, 49:878 8. 4. Epub 2007 Mar 5.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/195166
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 6
  • Scopus 20
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 18
social impact