NSAIDs are widely prescribed for the treatment of pain, inflammation and rheumatic disorders, but their use is associated with adverse gastrointestinal effects, ranging from dyspeptic symptoms and peptic ulcers to more serious complications. Elderly patients are at high risk of experiencing NSAID-induced gastrointestinal tract injury and should be considered candidates for prophylactic pharmacological therapy. In studies conducted in adult patients, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) such as esomeprazole have been shown to prevent or reduce NSAID-induced gastrointestinal injury. The beneficial effects of esomeprazole can be ascribed largely to its ability to maintain sustained inhibition of gastric acid secretion, although there is evidence to suggest that pharmacodynamic properties unrelated to acid inhibition may also contribute to the gastroprotective effects of this agent. Although there are limited data on the use of esomeprazole specifically in elderly patient populations, studies of patients at high risk of NSAID-induced gastrointestinal toxicity because of advanced age indicate that this PPI is both effective and well tolerated when administered in conjunction with NSAIDs. Thus, esomeprazole can be regarded as a useful option for prophylactic therapy in elderly patients receiving long-term NSAID therapy.

Clinical efficacy of esomeprazole in the prevention and healing of digestive toxicity associated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in elderly patients

BLANDIZZI, CORRADO;GORI, GIOVANNI;FORNAI, MATTEO;ANTONIOLI, LUCA;DEL TACCA, MARIO
2008

Abstract

NSAIDs are widely prescribed for the treatment of pain, inflammation and rheumatic disorders, but their use is associated with adverse gastrointestinal effects, ranging from dyspeptic symptoms and peptic ulcers to more serious complications. Elderly patients are at high risk of experiencing NSAID-induced gastrointestinal tract injury and should be considered candidates for prophylactic pharmacological therapy. In studies conducted in adult patients, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) such as esomeprazole have been shown to prevent or reduce NSAID-induced gastrointestinal injury. The beneficial effects of esomeprazole can be ascribed largely to its ability to maintain sustained inhibition of gastric acid secretion, although there is evidence to suggest that pharmacodynamic properties unrelated to acid inhibition may also contribute to the gastroprotective effects of this agent. Although there are limited data on the use of esomeprazole specifically in elderly patient populations, studies of patients at high risk of NSAID-induced gastrointestinal toxicity because of advanced age indicate that this PPI is both effective and well tolerated when administered in conjunction with NSAIDs. Thus, esomeprazole can be regarded as a useful option for prophylactic therapy in elderly patients receiving long-term NSAID therapy.
Blandizzi, Corrado; Tuccori, M.; Colucci, R.; Gori, Giovanni; Fornai, Matteo; Antonioli, Luca; Ghisu, N.; DEL TACCA, Mario
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/195356
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