In cardiomyocytes, certain extracellular stimuli that activate heterotrimeric G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) can induce hypertrophy by regulating gene expression and increasing protein synthesis. We investigated if rat embryonic cardiomyocytes (H9c2) underwent variations in the expression levels and subcellular distribution of key components of GPCR-activated signaling pathways during endothelin-1 (ET-1)-induced hypertrophic response. A significant increase of p115RhoGEF protein level was evident in ET-1-treated cells. Real-time quantitative PCR showed RhoGEF mRNA levels were significantly increased. Inhibition of the Rho-associated kinase (ROCK) caused a significant decrease of p115RhoGEF protein in the nuclear fraction, whereas an inhibitor of PKC induced a redistribution of the protein between membrane/organelle and nuclear fractions. The ROCK inhibitor also decreased H9c2 cell hypertrophic response. These results indicate that ROCK and its downstream target molecules, which are involved in inducing the hypertrophic response, are also implicated in signaling the up-regulation of the p115RhoGEF protein.
|Autori:||PORCHIA F; PAPUCCI M; GARGINI C; ASTA A; DE MARCO G; AGRETTI P; TONACCHERA M; MAZZONI MR|
|Titolo:||Endothelin-1 up-regulates p115RhoGEF in embryonic rat cardiomyocytes during the hypertrophic response|
|Anno del prodotto:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1080/10799890802084515|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|