Nanoindentation experiments carried out with atomic force microscopes (AFMs) open the way to understand size-related mechanical effects that are not present at the macro- or micro-scale. Several issues, currently the subject of a wide and open debate, must be carefully considered in order to measure quantities and retrieve trends genuinely associated with the material behaviour. The shape of the nanoindenter (the AFM tip) is crucial for a correct data analysis; we have recently developed a simple geometrical model to properly describe the tip effect in the nanoindentation process. Here, we demonstrate that this model is valid in indentation of both soft and hard, or relatively hard, materials carried out by two distinct, commercially available, AFM probes. Moreover, we implement the model with a data interpretation approach aimed at preventing underestimation of the tip penetration into the material. Experiments on soft polymeric materials (poly(methyl methacrylate) and polystyrene) and hard or relatively hard (Si, Au, Al) materials are reported. The results demonstrate that true hardness data can be attained also in shallow indentations and that the appearance of size effects strongly depends on data interpretation issues. In addition, we report on stiffness data measured on the considered materials during their nanoindentation.
|Autori:||Alderighi Michele; Ierardi Vincenzo; Fuso F; Allegrini Maria; Solaro Roberto|
|Titolo:||Size effects in nanoindentation of hard and soft surfaces|
|Anno del prodotto:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/0957-4484/20/23/235703|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|