N-Alkyl-N-methylmorpholinium and N-alkyl substituted 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO) based ionic liquids (ILs), N-alkyl-DABCO, bearing short alkyl chains are characterised by a low toxicity to Vibrio fischeri, although toxicity significantly increases on increasing the alkyl chain length. Alkyl chain length affects also biodegradability in the 28 days tests; the higher level of biodegradation was found in both the series in the case of the ethyl (C2) derivatives. In the case of N-ethyl DABCO based IL, although biodegradability is still around 40%, and consequently this IL cannot be classified as "readily biodegradable", this value is similar to the more biodegradable functionalized imidazolium based ILs. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Acute toxicity and biodegradability of N-alkyl-N-methylmorpholinium and N-alkyl-DABCO based ionic liquids

PRETTI, CARLO;Renzi M;CHIAPPE, CINZIA
2011

Abstract

N-Alkyl-N-methylmorpholinium and N-alkyl substituted 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO) based ionic liquids (ILs), N-alkyl-DABCO, bearing short alkyl chains are characterised by a low toxicity to Vibrio fischeri, although toxicity significantly increases on increasing the alkyl chain length. Alkyl chain length affects also biodegradability in the 28 days tests; the higher level of biodegradation was found in both the series in the case of the ethyl (C2) derivatives. In the case of N-ethyl DABCO based IL, although biodegradability is still around 40%, and consequently this IL cannot be classified as "readily biodegradable", this value is similar to the more biodegradable functionalized imidazolium based ILs. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Pretti, Carlo; Renzi, M; Focardi, Se; Giovani, A; Monni, G; Melai, B; Rajamani, S; Chiappe, Cinzia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/196434
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