Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are among the most commonly prescribed drugs due to their high efficacy in the treatment of pain, fever, inflammation and rheumatic disorders. However, their use is associated with the occurrence of adverse effects at the level of digestive tract, ranging from dyspeptic symptoms, gastrointestinal erosions and peptic ulcers to more serious complications, such as overt bleeding or perforation. To overcome problems related to NSAID-induced digestive toxicity, different therapeutic strategies can presently be considered, including the co-administration of drugs endowed with protective activity on the upper gastrointestinal tract, such as the proton pump inhibitors, or the prescription of coxibs, which have been clinically developed as anti-inflammatory/analgesic drugs characterized by reduced damaging activity on gastrointestinal mucosa. The availability of different treatment options, to reduce the risk of NSAID-induced adverse digestive effects, has fostered intensive preclinical and clinical research aimed at addressing a number of unresolved issues and to establish rational criteria for an appropriate use of coxibs in the medical practice. Particular attention is being paid to the management of patients with high degrees of digestive risk, resulting by concomitant treatment with low-dose aspirin for anti-thrombotic prophylaxis or ongoing symptomatic gastroduodenal ulcers. The present review discusses the most relevant lines of evidence concerning the position of coxibs in the therapeutic strategies for gastrointestinal protection in patients who require NSAID therapy and hold different levels of risk of developing adverse effects at the level of digestive tract.
|Autori:||BLANDIZZI C; TUCCORI M; COLUCCI R; FORNAI M; ANTONIOLI L; GHISU N; DEL TACCA M|
|Titolo:||Role of coxibs in the strategies for gastrointestinal protection in patients requiring chronic non-steroidal anti-inflammatory therapy|
|Anno del prodotto:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.phrs.2008.11.004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|