Accurate “ab initio” calculations (MP2 method) were performed to outline the conformational profile of a number of six-membered cyclic allyl epoxides differing either in the nature of the cycle fragment (Y) bound to the unsaturation, or in the substitution at the endocyclic carbon bound to the epoxy ring and bridging the epoxy ring with the Y fragment. In particular, we calculated structures 4 (Y=CH2), 5 (Y=O), 6 (Y=NH), 7 (Y=S), 8 (Y=CF2), 9 (Y=NH2+), 10 (Y=CO), 11 (Y=BH) and 12 (Y=NCOOH), where the fragment of the endocyclic carbon bridging “Y” and the epoxy fragment is either non-substituted (4a – 12a) or bears a methyl side chain trans (4b–12b) or cis (4c–12c) to the epoxidic oxygen. Saturated analogs (Y=O and Y=CH2) were also computed to test the method and to evaluate the conformational profile in the absence of the unsaturation. Minimum energy conformations were found which differ in the relative position of the Y group and the epoxy oxygen, with respect to a plane containing the epoxy ring carbons and the adjacent saturated endocyclic carbon: they may be on the same side (conformer A) or on opposite sides (conformer B). Conformers A are generally more stable. The conjugation effect of Y with the double bond lowers the barrier between the two conformers to the extent that in a few cases only conformer A is associated with a minimum of energy. On the basis of the elongation of the allylic oxirane C–O bond, we postulated the order of reactivity of epoxides 4–12 in the oxirane ring-opening process, and a mechanism based on the more reactive conformer A. A comparison was also made between MP2 and DFT calculation methods.
|Autori:||P. CROTTI; V. DI BUSSOLO; C.S. POMELLI; L. FAVERO|
|Titolo:||Theoretical Conformational Study of Six-Membered Cyclic Allyl Epoxides|
|Anno del prodotto:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s00214-009-0508-1|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|