Adenocarcinoma is becoming the most common histologic type of lung cancer in both sex. Although most cases are seen in smokers, it develops more frequently than other histologic types in individuals who have never smoked. This evidence suggests that other putative etiologic factors, such as sex hormones, need to be investigated. Several subtypes of lung adenocarcinoma have been recently described with distinct clinicopathologic features and prognostic implications. The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of estrogen receptor beta in lung adenocarcinoma, with particular attention paid to its different histologic subtypes. Nuclear estrogen receptor beta expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in 112 lung adenocarcinomas, including both "single subtype" and "mixed subtype" samples. Using a 2-level (high/low) score system, estrogen receptor beta expression was high in most (75%) adenocarcinornas and turned out to be strongly related to the histologic subtypes. In fact, estrogen receptor beta expression was low or negative in 68.2% of solid subtypes, whereas it was high in 76.5% of nonmucinous bronchioloalveolar, in 69.4% of acinar, and in 61.2% of papillary patterns (P = .00004). Furthermore, a strong association between estrogen receptor beta expression and tumor histologic grade was observed: estrogen receptor beta was highly expressed predominantly in well- and moderately differentiated tumors (P = .0014). In conclusion, estrogen receptor beta expression has distinct patterns in lung adenocarcinoma, suggesting a specific role for estrogen receptor beta in the pathogenesis of different histologic subtypes of this type of cancer. Moreover, loss of estrogen receptor beta expression in poorly differentiated (G3) tumors could represent a crucial step in the dedifferentiation process of lung adenocarcinoma. (c) 2008 Published by Elsevier Inc.
|Autori:||G; DONATI V; LOGGINI B; SERVADIO A; DELL'OMODARME M; PRATI MC; CAMACCI T; LUCCHI M; MELFI F; MUSSI A; FONTANINI G|
|Titolo:||Different estrogen receptor beta expression in distinct histologic subtypes of lung adenocarcinoma|
|Anno del prodotto:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.humpath.2008.02.011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|