Cognitive radio employs spectrum sensing to facilitate coexistence of different communication systems over a same frequency band. A peculiar feature of this technology is the possible presence of interference within the signal bandwidth, which considerably complicates the synchronization task. This paper investigates the problem of carrier frequency estimation in an orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM)-based cognitive radio system that operates in the presence of narrowband interference (NBI). Synchronization algorithms devised for conventional OFDM transmissions are expected to suffer from significant performance degradation when the received signal is plagued by NBI. To overcome this difficulty, we propose a novel scheme in which the carrier frequency offset (CFO) and interference power on each subcarrier are jointly estimated through maximum likelihood (ML) methods. In doing so we exploit two pilot blocks. The first one is composed of several repeated parts in the time-domain and provides a CFO estimate which may be affected by a certain residual ambiguity. The second block conveys a known pseudo-noise sequence in the frequency-domain and is used to resolve the ambiguity. The performance of the proposed algorithm is assessed by simulation in a scenario inspired by the IEEE 802.11g WLAN system in the presence of a Bluetooth interferer.
|Autori:||MORELLI M; MORETTI M|
|Titolo:||Robust frequency synchronization for OFDM-based cognitive radio systems|
|Anno del prodotto:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1109/T-WC.2008.071082|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|