FRTL-5 cells were shown to be suitable for the measurement of thyroid stimulating antibody (TSAb) present in sera of patients with Graves' disease. Current methods for the assay of TSAb require the separation of immunoglobulin G (IgG) from patient sera. In this report the possibility to measure TSAb directly on serum was evaluated using FRTL-5 cells. To this purpose cells were seeded in 96-well plates and cultured for 4 days in medium deprived of TSH. Using this system bovine TSH was able to produce a significant stimulation of cAMP production at 1 microU/ml. Whole normal serum completely inhibited the stimulation of TSH as well as that of TSAb, while diluted serum was devoid of any effect. Heat inactivated sera and IgGs, prepared by DEAE Sephadex separation, were diluted in hypotonic medium and incubated with cells for 1 h at 37 C. After incubation cAMP was measured in the assay medium by RIA. In some experiments the effects of graded dilutions of sera and IgGs with known TSAb activity were compared. Sera as well as IgGs increased the cAMP production, but, at the highest concentrations, an inhibitory effect was evident. For this reason sera were tested after appropriate dilution. Thirteen/27 (48%) sera and 22/27 (81%) IgGs from patients with Graves' disease were TSAb positive. The effect of Graves' sera on adenylate cyclase stimulation was completely inhibited by an anti-human IgG. The results of stimulation produced by Graves' sera and IgGs were highly correlated (r = 0.97, p less than 0.001). In conclusion it is possible to measure TSAb directly in serum using FRTL-5 cells.
|Autori:||Vitti P; Chiovato L; Lopez G; Lombardi A; Santini F; Mammoli C; Bassi P; Gryczynska M; Schipani E; Tosti-Balducci M; et al|
|Titolo:||Measurement of TSAb directly in serum using FRTL-5 cells|
|Anno del prodotto:||1988|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|