Evidence has been provided on the increased presence, in essential hypertension, of endogenous digitalis-like factor(s) [DLIS, digoxin-like immunoreactive substance(s)] able to cross-react with antidigoxin antibodies and to inhibit the membrane-bound sodium-potassium pump. An inhibition of the sodium pump could lead, in smooth muscle cells, to an increase of intracellular calcium ions and to an increase of total peripheral resistances. In this study the relation between plasma levels of DLIS and the acute hypotensive effect of a calcium antagonist (nifedipine) has been evaluated in a group of borderline to severe hypertensive patients and in a control group of normotensive subjects. The results obtained confirm that the hypotensive effect of nifedipine is related to pretreatment blood pressure and show, only in hypertensive patients, a significant relation of DLIS with both pretreatment blood pressure and blood pressure decrement induced by nifedipine. These findings are compatible with a possible role of DLIS in modulating cellular calcium handling.
|Autori interni:||PALOMBO, CARLO|
|Autori:||Palombo C; Marabotti C; Genovesi-Ebert A; Del Chicca MG; Balzan S; Giaconi S; Fommei E; Gazzetti P; Clerico A; Ghione S.|
|Titolo:||Acute hypotensive effect of calcium antagonists and endogenous digitalis-like immunoreactivity in human essential hypertension.|
|Anno del prodotto:||1986|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|