Autoantibodies blocking the TSH-stimulated cAMP production (TBkAb) were measured in immunoglobulin G (IgG) preparations from 38 patients with primary autoimmune hypothyroidism, using FRTL-5 cells. TBkAb were detectable in 15/23 IgG preparations from patients with untreated idiopathic myxedema, and in 2/15 IgGs from patients under L-thyroxine treatment. None of the IgG from 22 normal subjects or from 10 patients with nonautoimmune hypothyroidism following total thyroidectomy caused any significant effect on the TSH-stimulated cAMP production. No correlation was found between TBkAb and the thyroid microsomal antibody. Antibodies inhibiting the 125I-TSH binding to TSH receptor were detectable in only 3/20 patients; IgGs from these 3 patients were also positive in the TBkAb assay. One IgG with potent TBkAb activity inhibited the TSH-stimulated adenylate cyclase in a competitive manner, while it had no effect on the forskolin-stimulated cAMP production. The inhibiting action of this IgG was almost completely lost after preabsorption with human thyroid membranes. In conclusion, we describe a new practical and sensitive method for the measurement of TBkAb; TBkAb are distinct from the microsomal antibody, and are probably directed to the TSH receptor.
|Autori:||Chiovato L; Vitti P; Lombardi A; Lopez G; Santini F; Macchia E; Fenzi GF; Mammoli C; Battiato S; Pinchera A|
|Titolo:||Detection and characterization of autoantibodies blocking the TSH-dependent cAMP production using FRTL-5 cells|
|Anno del prodotto:||1987|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|