The purpose of this study was to evaluate the optimal timing of ADR-529 administration to protect rats treated with doxorubicin (DXR) against drug-induced cardiotoxicity. Complete electrocardiographic monitoring (QRS complex, S alpha T segment and T wave) and the histopathological analysis of cardiac tissue were used to assess the degree of heart damage produced in female rats treated with ten i.v. doses of 1 mg/kg DXR over a period of 15 weeks; body-weight increase and survival were also analyzed to evaluate the toxicity of treatments. Cardiac alterations induced by DXR were compared with those occurring in animals receiving 20 mg/kg i.v. ADR-529 at 30 min prior to DXR administration, starting at the first, third, or sixth DXR dose and given until the end of the study (15th week). Rats treated with DXR were severely cardiomyopathic, showing progressive and irreversible ECG alterations (QRS-complex and S alpha T-segment widening and T-wave flattening) and marked degeneration of the myocardium (myocyte vacuolation, myofibrillar loss, and endomyocardial fibrosis). The most effective cardiac protection was provided by the administration of ADR-529 beginning with the first or third DXR dose. Delaying treatment with ADR-529 until the sixth DXR dose resulted in a significant reduction in its therapeutic action on heart damage. A significant difference in body-weight increase and survival was observed between the treatment groups: ADR-529 injected prior to the first DXR dose significantly protected animals from DXR toxicity, but this schedule was significantly more toxic than the administration of ADR-529 beginning with the third or sixth DXR dose. Taking into account the degree of cardiac protection and the toxicity of combination treatments, the results of the present study demonstrate the superiority of ADR-529 given prior to the third DXR dose over the other schedules tested. This finding suggests that significant protection against DXR-induced chronic cardiotoxicity in the rat can be obtained using deferred treatment with ADR-529.
|Autori:||AGEN C; BERNARDINI N; DANESI R; DELLATORRE P; COSTA M; DELTACCA M|
|Titolo:||REDUCING DOXORUBICIN CARDIOTOXICITY IN THE RAT USING DEFERRED TREATMENT WITH ADR-529|
|Anno del prodotto:||1992|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/BF00686399|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|