Chronic myeloproliferative diseases, such as chronic myeloid leukemia and polycythemia vera, are associated with neutrophil dysfunction. Very little data is available on essential thrombocythemia (ET). In the current study we evaluated 21 patients with ET. All patients were studied at least 16 weeks after any cytostatic therapy and 10 days after any other therapy. Neutrophil functions were investigated as follows: flow cytometric evaluation of whole blood phagocytosis of opsonized FITC-conjugated E. coli; whole blood chemiluminescence after stimulation with opsonized zymosan and evaluation by an automated, computer-assisted luminometer (LB 950, Berthold); and chemiluminescence and superoxide anion generation by purified neutrophils after f-MLP and PMA stimulation. Chemiluminescence and superoxide anion generation after f-MLP stimulation were found to be significantly lower than in normal subjects, whereas values within the normal ranges were registered after PMA stimulation. Phagocytosis-associated chemiluminescence was found to be impaired both by using zymosan opsonized with autologous plasma and zymosan opsonized with normal plasma, despite a normal phagocytic activity. These data show the presence in ET of a complex neutrophil dysfunction that may be related to an impaired signal transduction during both the phagocytic process and f-MLP stimulation.
|Autori:||Carulli G; Minnucci S; Azzara A; Gianfaldoni ML; Angiolini C; Sagripanti A; Ferretti A; Ambrogi F|
|Titolo:||Neutrophil functions in essential thrombocythemia|
|Anno del prodotto:||1995|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|