Aim of this work was to study in a group of elite cyclists, undergoing laboratory testing, the trend of the left ventricular systolic and diastolic function, echocardiographically and Doppler derived, simultaneously with the evaluation of ergospirometric parameters during maximal exercise. We studied a group of male subjects, consisting of 10 professional elite bicyclists (mean age: 25.1 +/- 3.2 years) during competitive activity (VO2/kg max: 78.5 +/- 7.7 ml . kg . min(-1)). The maximal exercise test, conducted with Wind Loaded Simulator for optimisation of ergometric capacity, showed, at the end of exercise, at a speed of 49.2 +/- 2.4 km/h, a VO(2)max of 5365 +/- 543.4 ml/min, with a calculated Cardiac Output (CO) of 19.3 +/- 3.7 l/min. A linear regression relationship was found between VO(2)max and CO (r = 0.84; p < 0.0001) as well as between VO(2)max and maximal reached speed (r = 0.97; p < 0.0001), During the aerobic period a slight but significant increase in End Diastolic Volume (EDV) was observed due to the greater venous return from exercising muscles. At stop, in anaerobic period, the EDV remained substantially constant. Ejection Fraction (EF) also increased during exercise through the Frank-Starling mechanism activation. The slight, but not significant, increase in EF at stop level may be explained by an activation of homeometric control of contractility with a sympathetic modulation on myocardial fibres, The early diastolic mitral flow velocity (Peak E) increased significantly during exercise, in comparison with basal upright values. The left ventricular diastolic compliance observed in athletes permits a good left ventricular filling, particularly in early diastolic phase; this allows an excellent left ventricular systolic performance. Based on echocardiography and pulsed Doppler measurements, calculated cardiac output is underestimated by approximately 20%.
|Autori:||DiBello V; Talarico L; DiMuro C; Santoro G; Bertini A; Giorgi D; Caputo MT; Bianchi M; Cecchini L; Giusti C|
|Titolo:||Evaluation of maximal left ventricular performance in elite bicyclists|
|Anno del prodotto:||1995|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1055/s-2007-973044|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|