1. Endogenous and synthetic cannabinoid molecules have been investigated as possible MDR-1/P-glycoprotein (P-gp) modulators in HK-2-immortalized renal cells, using calcein acetoxymethylester (calcein-AM) as a P-gp substrate. 2. Among the endocannabinoid molecules tested, anandamide (AEA), but not 2-arachidonoyl-glycerol (2-AG) or palmitoyl-ethanolamide (PEA), increased the intracellular fluorescence emitted by calcein, a metabolic derivative of the P-gp substrate calcein-AM, indicative of a reduction in transport capacity. 3. All the three synthetic cannabimimetics tested, that is, R-(+)-methanandamide (R(+)-MET), AM 251 and CP55,940 significantly increased calcein accumulation in the cytosol. 4. RT-PCR demonstrated that HK-2 cells do not express CB1 or CB2 cannabinoid receptors. 5. R(+)-MET, AM251 and CP55,940 were also evaluated as modulators of P-gp expression, by Western blot analysis. Only AM251 weakly enhanced the protein levels (by 1.2-fold) after a 4-day-long incubation with the noncytotoxic drug concentration 2 microM. 6. The present data provide the first evidence that the endocannabinoid AEA and different synthetic cannabinoids may inhibit the P-gp activity in vitro via a cannabinoid receptor-independent mechanism.
|Autori:||NIERI P; ROMITI N; ADINOLFI B; CHICCA A; MASSARELLI I; CHIELI E|
|Titolo:||Modulation of P-glycoprotein activity by cannabinoid molecules in HK-2 renal cells|
|Anno del prodotto:||2006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|