CONTEXT:The mechanism of activation of the immune system after iodine-131 (131I) treatment of hyperthyroidism is still not fully clarified. Serum levels of CXCL10, a prototype of the CXC family of chemokines, are increased in several endocrine autoimmune conditions, and this chemokine plays a role at least in the initial phases of thyroid autoimmune disease and in Graves' disease (GD). OBJECTIVE, DESIGN, AND PATIENTS: The aim of the present study was to measure the serum CXCL10 levels in 20 patients with GD and 10 patients with toxic nodular goiter (TNG) before and 6 months after 131I treatment, when patients had achieved euthyroidism. Forty healthy subjects and 40 patients with autoimmune thyroiditis served as control groups. RESULTS:Before 131I, mean CXCL10 was significantly higher in patients with GD and thyroiditis than controls or those with TNG. Serum CXCL10 levels significantly decreased in GD patients 6 months after 131I treatment, whereas they remained within normal limits in TNG patients after restoration of euthyroidism by 131I. CONCLUSIONS:In conclusion, our results demonstrate that high serum CXCL10 levels are associated with the hyperthyroid phase in GD but not TNG, providing further evidence for a minimal role of hyperthyroidism per se in determining high CXCL10 levels and showing a strong association with the autoimmune process. The reduction of CXCL10 levels after 131I treatment in GD only shows that the thyroid gland itself is the main source of circulating CXCL10.
|Autori:||Antonelli, Alessandro; Rotondi, M; Fallahi, P; Grosso, M; Boni, G; Ferrari, Sm; Romagnani, P; Serio, M; Mariani, Giuliano; Ferrannini, Eleuterio|
|Titolo:||Iodine-131 given for therapeutic purposes modulates differently interferon-gamma-inducible alpha-chemokine CXCL10 serum levels in patients with active Graves' disease or toxic nodular goiter.|
|Anno del prodotto:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1210/jc.2006-1571|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|