We have investigated the electromyographic (EMG) and kinematic characteristics of horizontal arm extension movements in patients affected by idiopathic cervical dystonia (ICD) as well as in normal subjects. In spite of the lack of an overt dystonic involvement of the muscles acting at upper arm level, all these patients were considerably bradykinetic. Although the degree of bradykinesia observed was comparable to that previously reported for the body segment directly affected by this patholgy (21,15,8), the EMG analysis of the agonist muscles indicated a specific pathophysiological mechanism. In particular, the recruitment of the posterior deltoid (pD) in ICD patients was severely impaired within the initial phase (130 ms) of the movement. On the other hand, within the same time span, the activation of the mD, a muscle that plays a more important postural role than the pD, was not significantly different between patients and normal subjects. This reduced recruitment in the initial phase of the AG1 appears responsible of the slowness of voluntary movements.

Impaired agonists recruitment during voluntary arm movements in patients affected by spasmodic torticollis.

CARBONCINI, MARIA CHIARA;MANZONI, DIEGO;ROSSI, BRUNO
2004

Abstract

We have investigated the electromyographic (EMG) and kinematic characteristics of horizontal arm extension movements in patients affected by idiopathic cervical dystonia (ICD) as well as in normal subjects. In spite of the lack of an overt dystonic involvement of the muscles acting at upper arm level, all these patients were considerably bradykinetic. Although the degree of bradykinesia observed was comparable to that previously reported for the body segment directly affected by this patholgy (21,15,8), the EMG analysis of the agonist muscles indicated a specific pathophysiological mechanism. In particular, the recruitment of the posterior deltoid (pD) in ICD patients was severely impaired within the initial phase (130 ms) of the movement. On the other hand, within the same time span, the activation of the mD, a muscle that plays a more important postural role than the pD, was not significantly different between patients and normal subjects. This reduced recruitment in the initial phase of the AG1 appears responsible of the slowness of voluntary movements.
Carboncini, MARIA CHIARA; Manzoni, Diego; Strambi, S.; Bonfiglio, L.; Andre, P.; Rossi, Bruno
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/199250
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