OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate whether two polymorphisms located in the promoter (T(-786)C) and exon 7 (Glu298Asp) of the endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) gene affected agonists-mediated NO release. BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction can be genetically determined. Therefore, we investigated whether two polymorphisms located in the eNOS gene affected agonists-mediated NO release. METHODS: We compared endothelial-dependent and -independent vasodilation of the different eNOS genotypes in a cross-sectional study on 187 subjects, of whom 137 were uncomplicated essential hypertensive patients (PH) (49 +/- 9 years, 151 +/- 11/99 +/- 5 mm Hg) and 50 healthy normotensive subjects (NT) (43 +/- 16 years, 123 +/- 10/78 +/- 7 mm Hg). Endothelial-dependent and -independent vasodilation was assessed as the forearm blood flow response to incrementally increasing doses of acetylcholine (0.15, 0.45, 1.5, 4.5, 15 microg/100 ml/min) and sodium nitroprusside (1, 2, 4 microg/100 ml/min), respectively. Genotyping was performed with melting curve analysis (Lightcycler) of polymerase chain reaction products from acceptor (5' end-labeled with LCRed 640) and donor probes (3' end-labeled with fluorescein) specific for each polymorphism. The genotype distribution of T(-786)C (CC = 21.9%, CT = 48.7%, TT = 29.4%) and Glu298Asp (GG = 39.0%, GT =51.9%, TT = 9.1%) was similar in PH and NT. A repeated measure analysis of variance showed a blunting of endothelium-dependent vasodilation in PH compared with NT (p < 0.001). A significant effect of the T(-786)C (p = 0.002) but not of the Glu298Asp (p = NS) eNOS polymorphism on endothelial-dependent vasodilation was found. However, we also detected a significant interaction between the T(-786)C and Glu298Asp polymorphism (p < 0.001). No effect on either polymorphism on endothelial-independent vasodilation was seen. CONCLUSIONS: The T(-786)C promoter polymorphism and its interaction with exon 7 Glu298Asp affect endothelium-dependent vasodilation in mild-to-moderate PH patients and NT Caucasian subjects.

The T-786C and Glu298Asp polymorphisms of the endothelial nitric oxide gene affect the forearm blood flow responses of Caucasian hypertensive patients

TADDEI, STEFANO;VIRDIS, AGOSTINO;GHIADONI, LORENZO;FAVILLA, STEFANIA;SALVETTI, ANTONIO
2003-01-01

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate whether two polymorphisms located in the promoter (T(-786)C) and exon 7 (Glu298Asp) of the endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) gene affected agonists-mediated NO release. BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction can be genetically determined. Therefore, we investigated whether two polymorphisms located in the eNOS gene affected agonists-mediated NO release. METHODS: We compared endothelial-dependent and -independent vasodilation of the different eNOS genotypes in a cross-sectional study on 187 subjects, of whom 137 were uncomplicated essential hypertensive patients (PH) (49 +/- 9 years, 151 +/- 11/99 +/- 5 mm Hg) and 50 healthy normotensive subjects (NT) (43 +/- 16 years, 123 +/- 10/78 +/- 7 mm Hg). Endothelial-dependent and -independent vasodilation was assessed as the forearm blood flow response to incrementally increasing doses of acetylcholine (0.15, 0.45, 1.5, 4.5, 15 microg/100 ml/min) and sodium nitroprusside (1, 2, 4 microg/100 ml/min), respectively. Genotyping was performed with melting curve analysis (Lightcycler) of polymerase chain reaction products from acceptor (5' end-labeled with LCRed 640) and donor probes (3' end-labeled with fluorescein) specific for each polymorphism. The genotype distribution of T(-786)C (CC = 21.9%, CT = 48.7%, TT = 29.4%) and Glu298Asp (GG = 39.0%, GT =51.9%, TT = 9.1%) was similar in PH and NT. A repeated measure analysis of variance showed a blunting of endothelium-dependent vasodilation in PH compared with NT (p < 0.001). A significant effect of the T(-786)C (p = 0.002) but not of the Glu298Asp (p = NS) eNOS polymorphism on endothelial-dependent vasodilation was found. However, we also detected a significant interaction between the T(-786)C and Glu298Asp polymorphism (p < 0.001). No effect on either polymorphism on endothelial-independent vasodilation was seen. CONCLUSIONS: The T(-786)C promoter polymorphism and its interaction with exon 7 Glu298Asp affect endothelium-dependent vasodilation in mild-to-moderate PH patients and NT Caucasian subjects.
2003
Rossi, Gp; Taddei, Stefano; Virdis, Agostino; Cavallin, M; Ghiadoni, Lorenzo; Favilla, Stefania; Sudano, I; Versari, D; Pessina, Ac; Salvetti, Antonio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/199283
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