OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate whether two polymorphisms located in the promoter (T(-786)C) and exon 7 (Glu298Asp) of the endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) gene affected agonists-mediated NO release. BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction can be genetically determined. Therefore, we investigated whether two polymorphisms located in the eNOS gene affected agonists-mediated NO release. METHODS: We compared endothelial-dependent and -independent vasodilation of the different eNOS genotypes in a cross-sectional study on 187 subjects, of whom 137 were uncomplicated essential hypertensive patients (PH) (49 +/- 9 years, 151 +/- 11/99 +/- 5 mm Hg) and 50 healthy normotensive subjects (NT) (43 +/- 16 years, 123 +/- 10/78 +/- 7 mm Hg). Endothelial-dependent and -independent vasodilation was assessed as the forearm blood flow response to incrementally increasing doses of acetylcholine (0.15, 0.45, 1.5, 4.5, 15 microg/100 ml/min) and sodium nitroprusside (1, 2, 4 microg/100 ml/min), respectively. Genotyping was performed with melting curve analysis (Lightcycler) of polymerase chain reaction products from acceptor (5' end-labeled with LCRed 640) and donor probes (3' end-labeled with fluorescein) specific for each polymorphism. The genotype distribution of T(-786)C (CC = 21.9%, CT = 48.7%, TT = 29.4%) and Glu298Asp (GG = 39.0%, GT =51.9%, TT = 9.1%) was similar in PH and NT. A repeated measure analysis of variance showed a blunting of endothelium-dependent vasodilation in PH compared with NT (p < 0.001). A significant effect of the T(-786)C (p = 0.002) but not of the Glu298Asp (p = NS) eNOS polymorphism on endothelial-dependent vasodilation was found. However, we also detected a significant interaction between the T(-786)C and Glu298Asp polymorphism (p < 0.001). No effect on either polymorphism on endothelial-independent vasodilation was seen. CONCLUSIONS: The T(-786)C promoter polymorphism and its interaction with exon 7 Glu298Asp affect endothelium-dependent vasodilation in mild-to-moderate PH patients and NT Caucasian subjects.
|Autori:||ROSSI GP; TADDEI S; VIRDIS A; CAVALLIN M; GHIADONI L; FAVILLA S; SUDANO I; VERSARI D; PESSINA AC; SALVETTI A|
|Titolo:||The T-786C and Glu298Asp polymorphisms of the endothelial nitric oxide gene affect the forearm blood flow responses of Caucasian hypertensive patients|
|Anno del prodotto:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0735-1097(02)03011-5|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|