Occupational exposure to styrene, a chemical extensively used worldwide, is under investigation for possible detrimental effects on human health, including male reproductive capacity. Aneuploidy in germ cells is the main cause of infertility, abortions and congenital diseases. Fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH), is the most efficient cytogenetic molecular technique to date to analyse numerical alterations of chromosomes in spermatozoa. We investigated the frequencies of aneuploidy and diploidy in individuals occupationally exposed to styrene and in healthy unexposed controls. We performed multicolour FISH, using DNA probes specific for the centromeric regions of sex chromosomes and chromosome 2, in decondensed sperm nuclei of samples with normal semen parameters for a total of 18 styrene-exposed subjects and 13 unexposed controls of the same age range. Exposed individuals had worked for at least 2 years during the last 5 years, and continuously for 6 months, in factories producing reinforced plastics. The incidence of aneuploidy and diploidy for the tested chromosomes did not show a statistically significant difference between workers and controls. The exposure to styrene was associated with increased frequencies of nullisomy for sex chromosomes in the group of non-smokers, although only a limited number of subjects belonged to this sub-group. Considering the whole study population, age was associated with an increased frequency of XX disomy, whereas smoking was associated with meiosis II non-disjunction of sex chromosomes. Overall, confounding factors appeared to exert a more important effect than exposure to styrene on numerical chromosome alterations in sperm nuclei of subjects selected for normal semen parameters.

Sperm-FISH analysis and human monitoring: a study on workers occupationally exposed to styrene

LANDI, STEFANO;MIGLIORE, LUCIA
2003

Abstract

Occupational exposure to styrene, a chemical extensively used worldwide, is under investigation for possible detrimental effects on human health, including male reproductive capacity. Aneuploidy in germ cells is the main cause of infertility, abortions and congenital diseases. Fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH), is the most efficient cytogenetic molecular technique to date to analyse numerical alterations of chromosomes in spermatozoa. We investigated the frequencies of aneuploidy and diploidy in individuals occupationally exposed to styrene and in healthy unexposed controls. We performed multicolour FISH, using DNA probes specific for the centromeric regions of sex chromosomes and chromosome 2, in decondensed sperm nuclei of samples with normal semen parameters for a total of 18 styrene-exposed subjects and 13 unexposed controls of the same age range. Exposed individuals had worked for at least 2 years during the last 5 years, and continuously for 6 months, in factories producing reinforced plastics. The incidence of aneuploidy and diploidy for the tested chromosomes did not show a statistically significant difference between workers and controls. The exposure to styrene was associated with increased frequencies of nullisomy for sex chromosomes in the group of non-smokers, although only a limited number of subjects belonged to this sub-group. Considering the whole study population, age was associated with an increased frequency of XX disomy, whereas smoking was associated with meiosis II non-disjunction of sex chromosomes. Overall, confounding factors appeared to exert a more important effect than exposure to styrene on numerical chromosome alterations in sperm nuclei of subjects selected for normal semen parameters.
Naccarati, A; Zanello, A; Landi, Stefano; Consigli, R; Migliore, Lucia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/199592
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