To assess the occurrence of adverse events in a cohort of patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR), treated with low-dose glucocorticoids (GC). METHODS: This was a retrospective study by review of medical records. RESULTS: We identified 222 patients who had a mean duration of followup of 60 ± 22 months and a mean duration of GC therapy of 46 ± 22 months. We found that 95 patients (43%) had at least 1 adverse event after a mean duration of GC therapy of 31 ± 22 months and a mean cumulative dose of 3.4 ± 2.4 g. In particular, 55 developed osteoporosis, 31 had fragility fractures; 27 developed arterial hypertension; 11 diabetes mellitus; 9 acute myocardial infarction; 3 stroke; and 2 peripheral arterial disease. Univariate analysis showed that the duration of GC treatment was significantly associated with osteoporosis (p < 0.0001), fragility fractures (p < 0.0001), arterial hypertension (p < 0.005), and acute myocardial infarction (p < 0.05). Cumulative GC dose was significantly associated with osteoporosis (p < 0.0001), fragility fractures (p < 0.0001), and arterial hypertension (p < 0.01). The adverse events occurred more frequently after 2 years of treatment. Multivariate analysis showed that GC duration was significantly associated with osteoporosis (adjusted OR 1.02, 95% CI 1.02-1.05) and arterial hypertension (adjusted OR 1.03, 95% CI 1.01-1.06); GC cumulative dose was significantly associated with fragility fractures (adjusted OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.03-1.8). CONCLUSION: Longterm, low-dose GC treatment of PMR is associated with serious adverse events such as osteoporosis, fractures, and arterial hypertension; these adverse events occur mostly after 2 years of treatment.

Adverse events during longterm low-dose glucocorticoid treatment of polymyalgia rheumatica: a retrospective study

MICCOLI, MARIO;BAGGIANI, ANGELO;BOMBARDIERI, STEFANO;DI MUNNO, OMBRETTA
2012

Abstract

To assess the occurrence of adverse events in a cohort of patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR), treated with low-dose glucocorticoids (GC). METHODS: This was a retrospective study by review of medical records. RESULTS: We identified 222 patients who had a mean duration of followup of 60 ± 22 months and a mean duration of GC therapy of 46 ± 22 months. We found that 95 patients (43%) had at least 1 adverse event after a mean duration of GC therapy of 31 ± 22 months and a mean cumulative dose of 3.4 ± 2.4 g. In particular, 55 developed osteoporosis, 31 had fragility fractures; 27 developed arterial hypertension; 11 diabetes mellitus; 9 acute myocardial infarction; 3 stroke; and 2 peripheral arterial disease. Univariate analysis showed that the duration of GC treatment was significantly associated with osteoporosis (p < 0.0001), fragility fractures (p < 0.0001), arterial hypertension (p < 0.005), and acute myocardial infarction (p < 0.05). Cumulative GC dose was significantly associated with osteoporosis (p < 0.0001), fragility fractures (p < 0.0001), and arterial hypertension (p < 0.01). The adverse events occurred more frequently after 2 years of treatment. Multivariate analysis showed that GC duration was significantly associated with osteoporosis (adjusted OR 1.02, 95% CI 1.02-1.05) and arterial hypertension (adjusted OR 1.03, 95% CI 1.01-1.06); GC cumulative dose was significantly associated with fragility fractures (adjusted OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.03-1.8). CONCLUSION: Longterm, low-dose GC treatment of PMR is associated with serious adverse events such as osteoporosis, fractures, and arterial hypertension; these adverse events occur mostly after 2 years of treatment.
Mazzantini, M; Torre, C; Miccoli, Mario; Baggiani, Angelo; Talarico, R; Bombardieri, Stefano; DI MUNNO, Ombretta
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/199654
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