Recent studies have demonstrated that erlotinib therapy may be considered an option for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer who experienced disease progression after treatment with gefitinib, particularly in patients in whom the disease had been stabilized for a long time prior to gefitinib therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the disease control rate and toxicity of gefitinib in patients whose disease progressed after erlotinib therapy. From May 2005 to August 2006, 15 patients received a 250 mg/day dosage of gefitinib after having disease progression while taking erlotinib at a dose of 150 mg/day. Among patients who received erlotinib, 1 (7%) achieved a partial response (PR), and 5 (33%) achieved stable disease (SD). Among patients who received gefitinib, none achieved a PR, and 6 achieved SD (40%). Five out of 6 patients who achieved PR/SD with erlotinib also achieved SD with gefitinib; 8 out of 9 patients who achieved a progressive disease (PD) with erlotinib also achieved a PD with gefitinib. The median time to progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS) were 2.3 and 3.5 months, respectively. The TTP and OS in SD patients were 3.7 and 7.4 months, respectively. The most common toxicities of gefitinib were dry skin (grade 1-2) in 27% of patients and acneiform rashes and rashes/desquamation in 20% of patients. Diarrhea (grade 1-2) occurred in 7% of patients. Our data suggest that patients who achieved PR/SD with erlotinib also benefit from taking gefitinib. Conversely, gefitinib is not recommended in patients whose disease progressed after taking erlotinib.

The administration of gefitinib in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer after the failure of erlotinib

FONTANINI, GABRIELLA;BOLDRINI, LAURA;
2012

Abstract

Recent studies have demonstrated that erlotinib therapy may be considered an option for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer who experienced disease progression after treatment with gefitinib, particularly in patients in whom the disease had been stabilized for a long time prior to gefitinib therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the disease control rate and toxicity of gefitinib in patients whose disease progressed after erlotinib therapy. From May 2005 to August 2006, 15 patients received a 250 mg/day dosage of gefitinib after having disease progression while taking erlotinib at a dose of 150 mg/day. Among patients who received erlotinib, 1 (7%) achieved a partial response (PR), and 5 (33%) achieved stable disease (SD). Among patients who received gefitinib, none achieved a PR, and 6 achieved SD (40%). Five out of 6 patients who achieved PR/SD with erlotinib also achieved SD with gefitinib; 8 out of 9 patients who achieved a progressive disease (PD) with erlotinib also achieved a PD with gefitinib. The median time to progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS) were 2.3 and 3.5 months, respectively. The TTP and OS in SD patients were 3.7 and 7.4 months, respectively. The most common toxicities of gefitinib were dry skin (grade 1-2) in 27% of patients and acneiform rashes and rashes/desquamation in 20% of patients. Diarrhea (grade 1-2) occurred in 7% of patients. Our data suggest that patients who achieved PR/SD with erlotinib also benefit from taking gefitinib. Conversely, gefitinib is not recommended in patients whose disease progressed after taking erlotinib.
Grossi, F; Rijavec, E; Dal Bello, Mg; Defferrari, C; Brianti, A; Barletta, G; Genova, C; Murolo, C; Cosso, M; Fontanini, Gabriella; Boldrini, Laura; Truini, M; Pronzato, P. Cancer Chemother P. h. a. r. m. a. c. o. l. 2012 Feb 2. 1.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/199660
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