To assess the pattern of failures in patients with FIGO stage IIIc(1)-IIIc(2) endometrial cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were retrospectively analyzed for 34 patients with this malignancy who underwent extra-fascial total hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and pelvic/para-aortic node dissection. Postoperative treatment consisted of radiotherapy in 5 patients, 6 cycles of chemotherapy in 9, and 3-4 cycles of chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy in 20. The median follow-up of survivors was 33 months (range, 6 to 133 months). RESULTS: Tumour relapsed in 14 out of 34 patients (41.2%). Median time to recurrence was 17 months (range, 9.5-42 months). Vaginal recurrence developed in 2 patients (5.9%), distant recurrence in 5 (14.7%), pelvic node recurrence in 3 (8.8%) and para-aortic recurrence in 7 (20.6%). Two patients had multiple sites of recurrence. Distant failure occurred in 11.1% of the patients who received 6 cycles of chemotherapy versus 20.0% of those who had 3-4 cycles of chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy. Five-year overall survival was 60.5%, and, in particular, it was 62.5% for stage IIIc(1) and 57.0% for stage IIIc(2). CONCLUSION: FIGO stage IIIc(1)-IIIc(2) endometrial cancer relapses in approximately 40% of cases, and distant sites and para-aortic nodes represent the most common sites of failure.

Analysis of failures in patients with FIGO stage IIIc1-IIIc2 endometrial cancer.

GADDUCCI, ANGIOLO;GRECO, CARLO;GENAZZANI, ANDREA
2012

Abstract

To assess the pattern of failures in patients with FIGO stage IIIc(1)-IIIc(2) endometrial cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were retrospectively analyzed for 34 patients with this malignancy who underwent extra-fascial total hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and pelvic/para-aortic node dissection. Postoperative treatment consisted of radiotherapy in 5 patients, 6 cycles of chemotherapy in 9, and 3-4 cycles of chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy in 20. The median follow-up of survivors was 33 months (range, 6 to 133 months). RESULTS: Tumour relapsed in 14 out of 34 patients (41.2%). Median time to recurrence was 17 months (range, 9.5-42 months). Vaginal recurrence developed in 2 patients (5.9%), distant recurrence in 5 (14.7%), pelvic node recurrence in 3 (8.8%) and para-aortic recurrence in 7 (20.6%). Two patients had multiple sites of recurrence. Distant failure occurred in 11.1% of the patients who received 6 cycles of chemotherapy versus 20.0% of those who had 3-4 cycles of chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy. Five-year overall survival was 60.5%, and, in particular, it was 62.5% for stage IIIc(1) and 57.0% for stage IIIc(2). CONCLUSION: FIGO stage IIIc(1)-IIIc(2) endometrial cancer relapses in approximately 40% of cases, and distant sites and para-aortic nodes represent the most common sites of failure.
Gadducci, Angiolo; Cosio, S; Fabrini, Mg; Guerrieri, Me; Greco, Carlo; Genazzani, Andrea
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/199731
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