The effects of hormone-replacement therapy on the Doppler flow parameters of the ophthalmic artery in postmenopausal women were studied and compared with those registered at the level of the internal carotid and uterine arteries. Fifty-seven postmenopausal patients were submitted to continuous estradiol transdermal supplementation and 12-day courses of medroxyprogesterone acetate. During the estrogen phase of hormone-replacement therapy all patients underwent (at 1, 3 and 6 months after the beginning of hormone-replacement therapy) transvaginal ultrasonographic evaluation of the pelvic organs and of endometrial thickness. On the same day, they underwent color Doppler analysis of the blood flow impedance of the uterine, internal carotid and ophthalmic arteries. Estradiol plasma concentrations were assayed on the day that ultrasonographic and Doppler examinations took place. The pulsatility index of all the arteries improved, from baseline values, during the therapy and attained stable values compared to those after the first month of treatment. Furthermore, at the level of the internal carotid and ophthalmic arteries, a significant increase of the peak systolic blood flow velocity (Vmax) was observed over the 6 months of therapy. Doppler studies of the ophthalmic artery are capable of affording specific and precise pathophysiologic information to assess peripheral intracranial blood flow variations. Furthermore, such studies may be useful in monitoring hormone-replacement therapy effects on cerebral perfusion.
|Autori:||Battaglia C; Regnani G; Artini PG; Genazzani A; Primavera MR; Salvatori M; Volpe A.|
|Titolo:||Uterine and cerebral vascularization in postmenopausal women treated with hormone-replacement therapy.|
|Anno del prodotto:||1999|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|