Insertional polymorphisms of two copia-like (Vine-1, Tvv1) and one gypsy-like (Gret1) retrotransposon found in the grapevine genome were studied in 29 Vitis genotypes (Vitis arizonica, Vitis cinerea, Vitis labrusca, Vitis rupestis, Vitis rotundifolia, Vitis vinifera subsp. sylvestris and 23 V. vinifera subsp. sativa) using interretrotransposon amplified polymorphism (IRAP), retrotransposon-microsatellite amplified polymorphism (REMAP) and sequence-specific amplified polymorphism (SSAP) techniques. IRAP, REMAP and SSAP polymorphisms were compared with amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP), Inter-single sequence repeats (ISSR) and SSR polymorphisms by evaluating the information content, the number of loci simultaneously analysed per experiment, the effectiveness of the analyses in assessing the relationship between accessions and the number of loci needed to obtain a coefficient of variation of 10%. The UPGMA dendrograms of each molecular marker system were compared and the Mantel matrix correspondence test was applied. Furthermore, the corresponding insertion ages of the transposable elements were estimated for each retrotransposon subfamily analysed. The presence of Gret1, Tvv1 and Vine-1 retrotransposons in all analysed genotypes suggests that copia-like and gypsylike retrotransposons are widespread in Vitis genus. The results indicate that these retrotransposons were active before Vitis speciation and contributed to Vitis genus evolution. IRAP, REMAP and SSAP markers allow the discrimination of Vitis species and V. vinifera subsp. sativa cultivars with certainty as has been shown with AFLP, ISSR and SSR analyses, but phylogenetic trees obtained by retrotransposonbased molecular markers polymorphisms show some significant differences in the allocation of the analysed accessions compare to those obtained by ISSR, AFLP and SSR molecular markers. The phylogenetic tree resulting from REMAP polymorphism appeared the most representative of the effective relationship between all analysed accessions.
|Autori:||D'Onofrio C; De Lorenzis G; Giordani T; Natali L; Cavallini A; Scalabrelli G|
|Titolo:||Retrotransposon-based molecular markers for grapevine species and cultivars identification|
|Anno del prodotto:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s11295-009-0263-4|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|