BACKGROUND: The temperament evaluation of the Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego questionnaire (TEMPS), in its rater-wise and its self-evaluation forms, has been designed to evaluate temperamental characteristics in clinical and non-clinical populations. The validation process is currently in progress in various countries. In order to improve this validation process we have extended the area of correlations of its self-evaluation form (TEMPS-A[P]) to MMPI, and to a special RS that allows assessment of the emotional-affective state following a stressful situation. METHODS: In 693 candidates applying to become cadets in the Italian Air Force we have assessed the correlation between the TEMPS-A[P] and the MMPI validity and clinical scales, and administered an emotional-affective state questionnaire (EAS-RS) after they had gone through the stressful challenge of taking an academy entrance examination. RESULTS: As regards MMPI validity scales, TEMPS-A[P] depressive candidates tend to report their symptoms sincerely. Hyperthymic candidates tend to give false answers so that others will see them in a good light. Cyclothymic and irritable candidates tend to exaggerate symptoms. As regards the MMPI clinical scales, a low level of linkage between affective temperaments and abnormal personality traits was found. As regards EAS-RS: hyperthymic temperament on one hand, and cyclothymic and depressive temperaments on the other, are characterized by counter-polar emotional states following the test; these are desirable in the first case and undesirable in the other two. CONCLUSIONS: The convergent and discriminant validity of TEMPS-A[P] was confirmed. From a personalistic point of view, temperaments seem to belong to the realm of normality rather than to that of pathology, in line with their putative adaptive role.

Discriminant and convergent validity of TEMPS-A[P] correlation with MMPI and the emotional-affective state following a stressful situation.

MAREMMANI, ICRO;DELL'OSSO, LILIANA;ROVAI, LUCA;MAREMMANI, ANGELO GIOVANNI ICRO;PERUGI, GIULIO;
2011

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The temperament evaluation of the Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego questionnaire (TEMPS), in its rater-wise and its self-evaluation forms, has been designed to evaluate temperamental characteristics in clinical and non-clinical populations. The validation process is currently in progress in various countries. In order to improve this validation process we have extended the area of correlations of its self-evaluation form (TEMPS-A[P]) to MMPI, and to a special RS that allows assessment of the emotional-affective state following a stressful situation. METHODS: In 693 candidates applying to become cadets in the Italian Air Force we have assessed the correlation between the TEMPS-A[P] and the MMPI validity and clinical scales, and administered an emotional-affective state questionnaire (EAS-RS) after they had gone through the stressful challenge of taking an academy entrance examination. RESULTS: As regards MMPI validity scales, TEMPS-A[P] depressive candidates tend to report their symptoms sincerely. Hyperthymic candidates tend to give false answers so that others will see them in a good light. Cyclothymic and irritable candidates tend to exaggerate symptoms. As regards the MMPI clinical scales, a low level of linkage between affective temperaments and abnormal personality traits was found. As regards EAS-RS: hyperthymic temperament on one hand, and cyclothymic and depressive temperaments on the other, are characterized by counter-polar emotional states following the test; these are desirable in the first case and undesirable in the other two. CONCLUSIONS: The convergent and discriminant validity of TEMPS-A[P] was confirmed. From a personalistic point of view, temperaments seem to belong to the realm of normality rather than to that of pathology, in line with their putative adaptive role.
Maremmani, Icro; Dell'Osso, Liliana; Rovai, Luca; Arduino, G; Montagnari, A; Abbenante, D; Popovic, D; Maremmani, ANGELO GIOVANNI ICRO; Perugi, Giulio; Akiskal, K; Akiskal, Hs
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/200394
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