Background: High expression of CD26, the ectoenzyme dipeptidylpeptidase IV, among CD8+ T cells has been suggested to be a marker of effective long-term memory T cell formation. We characterised CD26 expression of T cell subsets in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D), who are at increased risk of persistent viral infections, compared to healthy subjects. Materials and Methods: Peripheral blood was obtained from 48 outclinic T1D (mean age 48±13 y, disease duration 26±14 y, HbA1c 8.2±1.3%) and 18 age-gender-matched control subjects (48±15 y, HbA1c 5.4±0.3%). Immunophenotypic analyses were performed by flow cytometry with a panel of monoclonal antibodies (anti-CD4, anti-CD8, and anti-CD26). Results: No significant difference was seen in percentages or absolute numbers of CD4+CD26+, CD4+CD26-, CD8+CD26+, and CD++CD26- between T1D and control people. The fluorescence intensity of CD26 expression on CD8+ lymphocytes revealed a significant decrease in T1D patients (mean fluorescence intensity 18±7 vs 23±10, p<0.05), whereas the intensity of CD26 expression of CD4+ cells showed no differences between T1D patients and control subjects. Mean fluorescence of CD8+CD26+ cells was inversely correlated with the absolute number of CD4+CD26- cells (r=0.38, p<0.01). Conclusions: Although the precise role of CD26 in T cells has not yet been identified, it is preferentially expressed in CD45RO+ memory T cells and is upregulated upon T cell activation. The observed low expression of CD26 among CD8+ T cells of T1D patients may suggest either a defect in successfully developed long-term memory CD8+ T cells or in CD8+ T cells activation. However, the negative association with the number of CD4+CD26- T cell does not support a recent activation of peripheral T cells. Future investigations should confirm and elucidate the finding of a restricted subset of CD8+ T cells expressing CD26bright in people with TID.

About CD26high CD8+ lymphocytes in type 1 diabetes mellitus.

MATTEUCCI, ELENA;GIAMPIETRO, OTTAVIO
2010

Abstract

Background: High expression of CD26, the ectoenzyme dipeptidylpeptidase IV, among CD8+ T cells has been suggested to be a marker of effective long-term memory T cell formation. We characterised CD26 expression of T cell subsets in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D), who are at increased risk of persistent viral infections, compared to healthy subjects. Materials and Methods: Peripheral blood was obtained from 48 outclinic T1D (mean age 48±13 y, disease duration 26±14 y, HbA1c 8.2±1.3%) and 18 age-gender-matched control subjects (48±15 y, HbA1c 5.4±0.3%). Immunophenotypic analyses were performed by flow cytometry with a panel of monoclonal antibodies (anti-CD4, anti-CD8, and anti-CD26). Results: No significant difference was seen in percentages or absolute numbers of CD4+CD26+, CD4+CD26-, CD8+CD26+, and CD++CD26- between T1D and control people. The fluorescence intensity of CD26 expression on CD8+ lymphocytes revealed a significant decrease in T1D patients (mean fluorescence intensity 18±7 vs 23±10, p<0.05), whereas the intensity of CD26 expression of CD4+ cells showed no differences between T1D patients and control subjects. Mean fluorescence of CD8+CD26+ cells was inversely correlated with the absolute number of CD4+CD26- cells (r=0.38, p<0.01). Conclusions: Although the precise role of CD26 in T cells has not yet been identified, it is preferentially expressed in CD45RO+ memory T cells and is upregulated upon T cell activation. The observed low expression of CD26 among CD8+ T cells of T1D patients may suggest either a defect in successfully developed long-term memory CD8+ T cells or in CD8+ T cells activation. However, the negative association with the number of CD4+CD26- T cell does not support a recent activation of peripheral T cells. Future investigations should confirm and elucidate the finding of a restricted subset of CD8+ T cells expressing CD26bright in people with TID.
Matteucci, Elena; Ghimenti, M.; Consani, C.; Di Beo, S.; Giampietro, Ottavio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/200726
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