Apoptosis, a normal event in renal tissue homeostasis, has been considered as a major mechanism for either resolution of glomerular hypercellularity in glomerulonephritis or loss of cellularity and progression to glomerulosclerosis in chronic renal disease. This study was aimed at investigating the role of extracellular ATP (eATP) in mediating apoptosis in human mesangial cells (HMC) and identifying the subtype(s) of purinergic receptors involved. eATP, but not uridin-5'-triphosphate (UTP), caused dose-dependent modifications of cellular morphology, as assessed by contrast-phase microscopy, and late apoptosis, as measured by Annexin V/propidium iodide-based flow cytometry and caspase-3 activation. Both phenomena were prevented by the P2X antagonist oxidized-ATP. 2', 3'-O-(4-benzoylbenzoyl)adenosine 5'-triphosphate (BzATP) was less effective than ATP, whereas 1[N,O-bis (5-isoquinolinesulfonyl)-N-methyl-L-tyrosyl] -4-phenylpiperazine (KN62), a selective inhibitor of human P2X(7), prevented morphological changes but potentiated apoptosis induced by BzATP. P2X(7) was barely expressed in HMC and showed a relatively scarce functional activity, as assessed by monitoring nucleotide-induced intracellular calcium surge and plasma membrane depolarization by Fura-2/AM and bis[1,3-diethylthiobarbiturate]trimethineoxonal uptake, respectively. These data indicated a negligible role of P2X(7) in eATP-mediated apoptosis and pointed to the involvement of other P2X receptor(s). Molecular and inhibitor studies suggested a main role for P2X(4) receptor in nucleotide-induced apoptosis in HMC, indicating a relevant role for purinergic signaling in regulating death rate in these cells.

Multiple P2X receptors are involved in the modulation of apoptosis in human mesangial cells: evidence for a role of P2X(4)

SOLINI, ANNA;PRATESI, FEDERICO;FERRANNINI, ELEUTERIO;
2007-01-01

Abstract

Apoptosis, a normal event in renal tissue homeostasis, has been considered as a major mechanism for either resolution of glomerular hypercellularity in glomerulonephritis or loss of cellularity and progression to glomerulosclerosis in chronic renal disease. This study was aimed at investigating the role of extracellular ATP (eATP) in mediating apoptosis in human mesangial cells (HMC) and identifying the subtype(s) of purinergic receptors involved. eATP, but not uridin-5'-triphosphate (UTP), caused dose-dependent modifications of cellular morphology, as assessed by contrast-phase microscopy, and late apoptosis, as measured by Annexin V/propidium iodide-based flow cytometry and caspase-3 activation. Both phenomena were prevented by the P2X antagonist oxidized-ATP. 2', 3'-O-(4-benzoylbenzoyl)adenosine 5'-triphosphate (BzATP) was less effective than ATP, whereas 1[N,O-bis (5-isoquinolinesulfonyl)-N-methyl-L-tyrosyl] -4-phenylpiperazine (KN62), a selective inhibitor of human P2X(7), prevented morphological changes but potentiated apoptosis induced by BzATP. P2X(7) was barely expressed in HMC and showed a relatively scarce functional activity, as assessed by monitoring nucleotide-induced intracellular calcium surge and plasma membrane depolarization by Fura-2/AM and bis[1,3-diethylthiobarbiturate]trimethineoxonal uptake, respectively. These data indicated a negligible role of P2X(7) in eATP-mediated apoptosis and pointed to the involvement of other P2X receptor(s). Molecular and inhibitor studies suggested a main role for P2X(4) receptor in nucleotide-induced apoptosis in HMC, indicating a relevant role for purinergic signaling in regulating death rate in these cells.
Solini, Anna; Santini, E; Chimenti, D; Chiozzi, P; Pratesi, Federico; Cuccato, S; Falzoni, S; Lupi, R; Ferrannini, Eleuterio; Pugliese, G; DI VIRGILIO, F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/201168
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