CONTEXT:Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-α has been shown to exert immunomodulatory effects in autoimmune disorders. However, until now, no data were present in the literature about the effect of PPARα activation on CXCL9 and CXCL11 chemokines in general or on secretion of these chemokines in thyroid cells. OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN:The presence of PPARα and PPARγ has been evaluated by real-time-PCR in Graves' disease (GD) and control cells in primary culture. Furthermore, we have tested the role of PPARα and PPARγ activation on CXCL9 and CXCL11 secretion in GD and control cells after stimulation of these chemokines secretion with IFNγ and TNFα. RESULTS:This study shows the presence of PPARα and PPARγ in GD and control cells. A potent dose-dependent inhibition by PPARα-agonists was observed on the cytokines-stimulated secretion of CXCL9 and CXCL11 in GD and control cells. The potency of the PPARα agonists used was maximum on the secretion of CXCL9, reaching about 90% of inhibition by fenofibrate and 85% by ciprofibrate. The relative potency of the compounds was different with each chemokine; for example, gemfibrozil exerted a 55% inhibition on CXCL11, whereas it had a weaker activity on CXCL9 (40% inhibition). PPARα agonists were stronger (ANOVA, P<0.001) inhibitors of CXCL9 and CXCL11 secretion in thyrocytes than PPARγ agonists. CONCLUSIONS:Our study shows the presence of PPARα in GD and control thyrocytes. PPARα activators are potent inhibitors of the secretion of CXCL9 and CXCL11, suggesting that PPARα may be involved in the modulation of the immune response in the thyroid.
|Autori:||Antonelli, Alessandro; Ferrari, Sm; Frascerra, S; Pupilli, C; Mancusi, C; Metelli, Mr; Orlando, C; Ferrannini, Eleuterio; Fallahi, P.|
|Titolo:||CXCL9 and CXCL11 chemokines modulation by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha agonists secretion in Graves' and normal thyrocytes.|
|Anno del prodotto:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1210/jc.2010-0923|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|