A major role of plasma membrane bound ectonucleotidases is the modulation of ATP, ADP, adenosine (the purinergic agonists), UTP, and UDP (the pyrimidinergic agonists) availability in the extracellular space at their respective receptors. We have recently shown that an ATP driven uridine-UTP cycle is operative in the brain, based on the strictly compartmentalized processes of uridine salvage to UTP and uridine generation from UTP, in which uptaken uridine is anabolized to UTP in the cytosol, and converted back to uridine in the extracellular space by the action of ectonucleotidases (Ipata et al. Int J Biochem Cell Biol 2010;42:932-7). In this paper we show that a similar cytidine-CTP cycle exists in rat brain. Since (i) brain relies on imported preformed nucleosides for the synthesis of nucleotides, RNA, nuclear and mitochondrial DNA, coenzymes, pyrimidine sugar- and lipid-conjugates and (ii) no specific pyrimidinergic receptors have been identified for cytidine and their nucleotides, our results, taken together with previous studies on the intra- and extracellular metabolic network of ATP, GTP, UTP, and their nucleosides in the brain (Barsotti and Ipata. Int J Biochem Cell Biol 2004;36:2214-25; Balestri et al. Neurochem Int 2007;50:517-23), strongly suggest that, apart from the modulation of ligand availability, ectonucleotidases may serve the process of local nucleoside recycling in the brain.
|Autori:||IPATA PL; BALESTRI F; CAMICI M; TOZZI M|
|Titolo:||Molecular mechanisms of nucleoside recycling in the brain|
|Anno del prodotto:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.bioce1.2010.10.007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|