Non-uniform cache architectures (NUCAs) are a novel design paradigm for large last-level on-chip caches, which have been introduced to deliver low access latencies in wire-delay-dominated environments. Their structure is partitioned into sub-banks and the resulting access latency is a function of the physical position of the requested data. Typically, NUCA caches employ a switched network, made up of links and routers with buffered queues, to connect the different sub-banks and the cache controller, and the characteristics of the network elements may affect the performance of the entire system. This work analyses how different parameters for the network routers, namely cut-through latency and buffering capacity, affect the overall performance of NUCA-based systems for the single processor case, assuming a reference NUCA organisation proposed in literature. The entire analysis is performed utilising a cycle-accurate execution-driven simulator of the entire system and real workloads. The results indicate that the sensitivity of the system to the cut-through latency is very high, thus limiting the effectiveness of the NUCA solution, and that modest buffering capacity is sufficient to achieve a good performance level. As a consequence, in this work we propose an alternative clustered NUCA organisation that limits the average number of hops experienced by cache accesses. This organisation is better performing and scales better as the cut-through latency increases, thus simplifying the implementation of routers, and it is also more effective than another latency reduction solution proposed in literature (hybrid network). © 2009 The Institution of Engineering and Technology.

Impact of on-chip network parameters on NUCA cache performances

FOGLIA, PIERFRANCESCO;PRETE, COSIMO ANTONIO
2009

Abstract

Non-uniform cache architectures (NUCAs) are a novel design paradigm for large last-level on-chip caches, which have been introduced to deliver low access latencies in wire-delay-dominated environments. Their structure is partitioned into sub-banks and the resulting access latency is a function of the physical position of the requested data. Typically, NUCA caches employ a switched network, made up of links and routers with buffered queues, to connect the different sub-banks and the cache controller, and the characteristics of the network elements may affect the performance of the entire system. This work analyses how different parameters for the network routers, namely cut-through latency and buffering capacity, affect the overall performance of NUCA-based systems for the single processor case, assuming a reference NUCA organisation proposed in literature. The entire analysis is performed utilising a cycle-accurate execution-driven simulator of the entire system and real workloads. The results indicate that the sensitivity of the system to the cut-through latency is very high, thus limiting the effectiveness of the NUCA solution, and that modest buffering capacity is sufficient to achieve a good performance level. As a consequence, in this work we propose an alternative clustered NUCA organisation that limits the average number of hops experienced by cache accesses. This organisation is better performing and scales better as the cut-through latency increases, thus simplifying the implementation of routers, and it is also more effective than another latency reduction solution proposed in literature (hybrid network). © 2009 The Institution of Engineering and Technology.
Bardine, A; Comparetti, M; Foglia, Pierfrancesco; Gabrielli, G; Prete, COSIMO ANTONIO
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/201273
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact