Microalbuminuria (urinary albumin excretion between 20 and 200 micrograms/min) and abnormalities of red blood cell sodium-hydrogen exchange coexist in essential hypertensive patients. To evaluate how the two phenomena relate, we recruited 10 untreated microalbuminuric male essential hypertensive patients without diabetes to be compared with an equal number of matched essential hypertensive patients excreting albumin in normal amounts as well as 10 healthy control subjects. Sodium-hydrogen exchange values were increased to a comparable extent in microalbuminuric and normoalbuminuric hypertensive patients. Systolic and mean blood pressures were higher in microalbuminuric patients. Fasting insulin was greater and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol lower in patients than control subjects. Urinary albumin excretion correlated positively with both mean blood pressure and left ventricular mass values in the absence of a relationship with circulating lipid and insulin levels. In contrast with microalbuminuria, sodium-hydrogen exchange covaried only with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and insulin levels. Thus, microalbuminuria and an abnormal sodium-hydrogen exchange are unrelated phenomena in essential hypertensive patients. Microalbuminuria appears to be a hemodynamically driven biological variable, while an accelerated sodium-hydrogen exchange seems primarily conditioned by the metabolic abnormalities of hypertension, possibly in the context of an insulin-resistant syndrome.

Microalbuminuria and erythrocyte sodium-hydrogen exchange in essential hypertension

GIAMPIETRO, OTTAVIO;MATTEUCCI, ELENA;DI BELLO, VITANTONIO;PEDRINELLI, ROBERTO
1995

Abstract

Microalbuminuria (urinary albumin excretion between 20 and 200 micrograms/min) and abnormalities of red blood cell sodium-hydrogen exchange coexist in essential hypertensive patients. To evaluate how the two phenomena relate, we recruited 10 untreated microalbuminuric male essential hypertensive patients without diabetes to be compared with an equal number of matched essential hypertensive patients excreting albumin in normal amounts as well as 10 healthy control subjects. Sodium-hydrogen exchange values were increased to a comparable extent in microalbuminuric and normoalbuminuric hypertensive patients. Systolic and mean blood pressures were higher in microalbuminuric patients. Fasting insulin was greater and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol lower in patients than control subjects. Urinary albumin excretion correlated positively with both mean blood pressure and left ventricular mass values in the absence of a relationship with circulating lipid and insulin levels. In contrast with microalbuminuria, sodium-hydrogen exchange covaried only with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and insulin levels. Thus, microalbuminuria and an abnormal sodium-hydrogen exchange are unrelated phenomena in essential hypertensive patients. Microalbuminuria appears to be a hemodynamically driven biological variable, while an accelerated sodium-hydrogen exchange seems primarily conditioned by the metabolic abnormalities of hypertension, possibly in the context of an insulin-resistant syndrome.
Giampietro, Ottavio; Matteucci, Elena; Catapano, G; Dell'Omo, G; Talarico, L; Di Muro, C; DI BELLO, Vitantonio; Pedrinelli, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/201614
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