1. The acute (6h) exposure of guinea-pigs to white noise (110 dB) as a stress stimulus, reduced bronchial reactivity to acetylcholine (Ach) (3-1000 micrograms kg-1 i.v.) in anaesthetized animals. 2. The hyporesponsiveness to Ach in stressed animals was not confirmed in vitro on tracheal preparations (Ach 1 x 10(-9)-1 x 10(-4) g ml-1) and disappeared in vivo when the animals were sensitized with ovalbumin (OA, 100 mg kg-1 i.p. + 100 mg kg-1 s.c.). The hyporesponsiveness was also absent in ovalbumin sensitized guinea-pigs exposed to an aerosol of ovalbumin 60 min before testing with Ach. 3. In non-sensitized guinea-pigs, pretreatment with butoxamine (1 mg kg-1 i.v.) or with theophylline (25 mg kg-1 i.v.), completely abolished the effect of noise-exposure. In contrast, pretreatment with L-NG-nitro-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 10 mg kg-1 i.v.), alpha-chymotrypsin (2 U kg-1 i.v.) or with enprofylline (10 mg kg-1 i.v.), did not affect it. 4. In conclusion, our experiments reveal inhibitory mechanisms upon Ach-induced bronchoconstriction activated by a stress stimulus and this is absent in sensitized animals. These mechanisms seem to be linked to the adrenergic beta 2-receptors and a role for the purinergic system (via A-receptors) may also be present.
|Autori:||Nieri, Paola; Lazzeri, N.; Martinotti, E.; Scatizzi, R.; Breschi, MARIA CRISTINA|
|Titolo:||ACETYLCHOLINE-INDUCED BRONCHOCONSTRICTION MODIFIED BY NOISE EXPOSURE IN NORMAL BUT NOT IN SENSITIZED GUINEA-PIGS|
|Anno del prodotto:||1996|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|