Propargyl functionalised b-silylalkenals were easily prepared starting from suitable propargyl compounds by a silylformylation process. In particular the use of propargyl tosyl amides allowed the synthesis of a,b-unsaturated aldehydes through a two-step sequence of silylformylation–desilylation reactions. TBAF was employed to induce the desilylation process that was performed under very mild experimental conditions and occurred along with an elimination step of the tosylamido moiety affording 2-methylaryl-2-alkenals with good yields and stereoselectivity. When the tosyl amides were reacted with a hydrosilane in the presence of catalytic amounts of 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]- undec-7-ene (DBU) a-silylmethylene-b-lactams were synthesised through a silylcarbocyclisation process. A high chemoselectivity towards the b-lactam was observed when dialkyl propargyl amides were employed. The obtained b-lactams were easily transformed into the corresponding methylaryl-b-lactams by fluoride induced aryl migration–desilylation with total retention of configuration of the migrating group and complete stereoselectivity towards the more stable b-lactam (E)-isomer.

Silylation-desilylation of propargyl amides: rapid synthesis of functionalised aldehydes and beta-lactams

ARONICA, LAURA ANTONELLA;CAPORUSSO, ANNA MARIA;
2007

Abstract

Propargyl functionalised b-silylalkenals were easily prepared starting from suitable propargyl compounds by a silylformylation process. In particular the use of propargyl tosyl amides allowed the synthesis of a,b-unsaturated aldehydes through a two-step sequence of silylformylation–desilylation reactions. TBAF was employed to induce the desilylation process that was performed under very mild experimental conditions and occurred along with an elimination step of the tosylamido moiety affording 2-methylaryl-2-alkenals with good yields and stereoselectivity. When the tosyl amides were reacted with a hydrosilane in the presence of catalytic amounts of 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]- undec-7-ene (DBU) a-silylmethylene-b-lactams were synthesised through a silylcarbocyclisation process. A high chemoselectivity towards the b-lactam was observed when dialkyl propargyl amides were employed. The obtained b-lactams were easily transformed into the corresponding methylaryl-b-lactams by fluoride induced aryl migration–desilylation with total retention of configuration of the migrating group and complete stereoselectivity towards the more stable b-lactam (E)-isomer.
Aronica, LAURA ANTONELLA; G., Valentini; Caporusso, ANNA MARIA; P., Salvadori
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/201858
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