Steady-state plasma concentrations of clozapine and norclozapine, its major metabolite, as well as their sum and ratio (norclozapine/clozapine), were evaluated in 50 in- and outpatients taking clozapine and naturalistically recruited. Drug plasma concentrations were measured by means of a reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RPLC) method with an ultraviolet detection. Daily doses (milligrams per kilogram of body weight) of clozapine correlated positively with clozapine plasma parameters, except with the norclozapine/clozapine ratio, in all patients. When the patients were divided in subgroups with respect to gender, the corresponding plasma concentrations were no longer dose-related in men. A lack of significant correlation was observed also in patients (n=23) co-treated with typical neuroleptics. Conversely, dose-concentration correlations were significant in either smoker or nonsmoker patients. No significant relationship between body weight and clozapine plasma parameters was reported. Further, we observed (1) a trend towards higher medians of clozapine or total analytes in women than those reported in men (P=.09 and .07); (2) no significant difference in plasma levels obtained in subjects younger than 34 years and subjects 34 years old or older; (3) a trend towards higher norclozapine and clozapine plus norclozapine levels (P=.05 and .08) in nonsmoker than smoker patients; (4) no significant difference between clozapine plasma parameters measured in patients co-medicated with typical neuroleptics and in patients receiving clozapine alone.

Clozapine, norclozapine plasma levels, their sum and ratio in 50 psychotic patients - Influence of patient-related variables

PALEGO, LIONELLA;GIANNACCINI, GINO;CIAPPARELLI, ANTONIO;CASSANO, GIOVANNI BATTISTA;LUCACCHINI, ANTONIO;MARTINI, CLAUDIA;DELL'OSSO, LILIANA
2002

Abstract

Steady-state plasma concentrations of clozapine and norclozapine, its major metabolite, as well as their sum and ratio (norclozapine/clozapine), were evaluated in 50 in- and outpatients taking clozapine and naturalistically recruited. Drug plasma concentrations were measured by means of a reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RPLC) method with an ultraviolet detection. Daily doses (milligrams per kilogram of body weight) of clozapine correlated positively with clozapine plasma parameters, except with the norclozapine/clozapine ratio, in all patients. When the patients were divided in subgroups with respect to gender, the corresponding plasma concentrations were no longer dose-related in men. A lack of significant correlation was observed also in patients (n=23) co-treated with typical neuroleptics. Conversely, dose-concentration correlations were significant in either smoker or nonsmoker patients. No significant relationship between body weight and clozapine plasma parameters was reported. Further, we observed (1) a trend towards higher medians of clozapine or total analytes in women than those reported in men (P=.09 and .07); (2) no significant difference in plasma levels obtained in subjects younger than 34 years and subjects 34 years old or older; (3) a trend towards higher norclozapine and clozapine plus norclozapine levels (P=.05 and .08) in nonsmoker than smoker patients; (4) no significant difference between clozapine plasma parameters measured in patients co-medicated with typical neuroleptics and in patients receiving clozapine alone.
Palego, Lionella; Biondi, L; Giannaccini, Gino; Sarno, N; Elmi, S; Ciapparelli, Antonio; Cassano, GIOVANNI BATTISTA; Lucacchini, Antonio; Martini, Claudia; Dell'Osso, Liliana
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/201945
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 48
social impact