Purpose of the present investigation was to examine the effect of iontophoresis on permeation of two beta-blocking agents, timolol maleate (TM) and betaxolol hydrochloride (BX) across rabbit corneas in vitro. Continuous or pulsed current of variable intensity and duration was applied, and possible corneal damage due to the electric treatment was assessed by measuring the corneal hydration level. The effect of iontophoresis on corneal permeation of the relatively more hydrophilic TM was much greater than the effect on the more lipophilic BX. It was found that for both drugs the iontophoretically driven transcorneal penetration is governed only by current density and overall time of treatment, irrespective of the type of treatment (single or repeated) and of current (constant or pulsed). For both drugs all significant permeation increases due to iontophoresis were invariably accompanied by a significant increased corneal hydration, indicative of damage to the corneal epithelium. Even if the present in vitro data cannot be extrapolated to an in vivo treatment, they confirm the potential risk associated with ocular iontophoresis.
|Autori:||D. MONTI; L. SACCOMANI; P. CHETONI; BURGALASSI S; M.F. SAETTONE|
|Titolo:||Effect of iontophoresis on transcorneal permeation in vitro of two beta-blocking agents, and corneal hydration|
|Anno del prodotto:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0378-5173(02)00557-4|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|