The original observation by de Bold et al. (1981) of a rapid, massive, and short-lasting diuretic and natriuretic effect following injection of rat atrial extracts into intact rats, led to the identification, isolation and purification of the atrial natriuretic factor (ANF). ANF is stored in atrial myocytes and released into the blood stream by atrial distension. Available data suggest that the mechanism of ANF-induced natriuresis involves either renal hemodynamic effects, such as the increase in glomerular filtration rate and reduction of medullary tonicity, or direct effect on sodium transport in the medullary collecting ducts. ANF induces relaxation of vascular smooth muscle, decreases blood pressure and cardiac output. All these effects displayed by ANF are associated to the an inhibition of aldosterone, renin and vasopressin release. Most of these actions are mediated by specific high affinity receptors, which are coupled to a particulate guanylate cyclase. Although ANF levels are increased in some disorders, such as severe heart failure, hypertension, chronic renal failure, the role of the peptide is uncertain. To better define the potential physiopathological role and the possible therapeutic implications of this new hormonal system in conditions of disturbed body fluid and sodium homeostasis, further experimental and clinical data must be awaited.

The physiopathological aspects of the atrial natriuretic factor

BERNARDINI, NUNZIA;BLANDIZZI, CORRADO;DANESI, ROMANO;
1992

Abstract

The original observation by de Bold et al. (1981) of a rapid, massive, and short-lasting diuretic and natriuretic effect following injection of rat atrial extracts into intact rats, led to the identification, isolation and purification of the atrial natriuretic factor (ANF). ANF is stored in atrial myocytes and released into the blood stream by atrial distension. Available data suggest that the mechanism of ANF-induced natriuresis involves either renal hemodynamic effects, such as the increase in glomerular filtration rate and reduction of medullary tonicity, or direct effect on sodium transport in the medullary collecting ducts. ANF induces relaxation of vascular smooth muscle, decreases blood pressure and cardiac output. All these effects displayed by ANF are associated to the an inhibition of aldosterone, renin and vasopressin release. Most of these actions are mediated by specific high affinity receptors, which are coupled to a particulate guanylate cyclase. Although ANF levels are increased in some disorders, such as severe heart failure, hypertension, chronic renal failure, the role of the peptide is uncertain. To better define the potential physiopathological role and the possible therapeutic implications of this new hormonal system in conditions of disturbed body fluid and sodium homeostasis, further experimental and clinical data must be awaited.
Agen, C; Bernardini, Nunzia; Blandizzi, Corrado; Danesi, Romano; DEL TACCA, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/20211
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